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Tom Kool

Tom Kool

Tom majored in International Business at Amsterdam’s Higher School of Economics, he is now working as news editor for Oilprice.com.

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Oil Prices Struggle To Regain Footing

Oil suffered steep losses this week on renewed fears that the supply surplus might make a comeback

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Friday, October 26, 2018

Saudi Arabia and Russia agree to extend cooperation. Saudi Arabia and Russia agreed to extend their pact to manage oil production levels, according to comments from Saudi oil minister Khalid al-Falih. “Saudi Arabia and Russia will interfere together, along with the heads of the other producing states, to prevent the market from falling out of balance,” he said. This echoes his interview earlier this week in which he said he was looking to formalize a partnership with Russia within an official OPEC+ architecture.

OPEC ponders production cut as inventories rise. The fears of $100 oil seem long gone. OPEC suggested that it might need to cut output in 2019 to avoid a return of the supply glut. There are some mixed messages coming from the cartel. Earlier this week, Saudi oil minister Khalid al-Falih said that the group was in “produce as much as you can mode.” But a technical committee offering recommendations to the OPEC+ group said that it would prepare “options” for production plans in 2019 to avoid a glut.

IEA urges more supply. Even as OPEC wonders whether or not it should cut output, the IEA pressed the cartel to increase production. “Global oil markets are going through a very sensitive period -- global economic growth as well,” IEA Executive Director Fatih Birol said in a Bloomberg interview on Thursday. “If the oil producers care about the health of the growth of the global economy, which I believe they do, they should take the steps to further comfort the market.”

Libya aims for 1.6 mb/d. The head of Libya’s National Oil Corp., Mustafa Sanalla, said that Libya is hoping to reach 1.6 mb/d by the end of next year, a level not seen since the days of dictator Muammar Qaddafi. Libya’s production has been volatile since 2011, but seems to be on the upswing, having recently topped 1.25 mb/d. “We’ve put together a plan to boost field production, including pipeline maintenance and addition of new pipelines,” Sanalla said. “We aim to reach 1.6 million barrels a day by the end of next year, and this level can increase.” Related: U.S. Doubles Down On Ethanol Despite Glut

ConocoPhillips beats estimates. ConocoPhillips (NYSE: COP) earned $1.36 per share in the third quarter, up more than eight-fold from the $0.16 per share a year earlier. Conoco’s production in the Permian, Eagle Ford and Bakken rose 48 percent to 313,000 bpd. The figures were a vote of confidence in the shale patch, where companies have struggled to earn a profit.

New York AG sues ExxonMobil. ExxonMobil (NYSE: XOM) was hit with another lawsuit this week when the New York Attorney General sued the company for allegedly defrauding investors. The fate of the case is unclear, but the suit poses a legal challenge to the oil major. The NY AG argues that Exxon defrauded investors by “systematically” undervaluing the risk that the company faces from future climate regulation. Exxon said the lawsuit lacks merit.

IMO reaffirms 2020 marine fuel regulations. The U.S. has been trying to delay the implementation of regulations on maritime fuels beyond the January 1, 2020 start date. However, the IMO dismissed the effort, and said that the regulations are set to go ahead as scheduled. Beginning in 2020, maritime ships will have use fuels with sulfur concentrations of just 0.5 percent, down from the current limit of 3.5 percent.

Tesla turns surprise profit. Tesla (NASDAQ: TSLA) posted a third quarter profit, shocking Wall Street. It is the first quarterly profit in years, as well as its largest ever. Production of the beleaguered Model 3 increased in the third quarter, helping the company end several years of red ink. “I’ve said before that we must prove that Tesla can be sustainably profitable,” Elon Musk told reporters during a public conference call with analysts. “This quarter was an important step towards that.” The electric car maker earned $311.5 million in the quarter, up from a $619.4-million loss a year earlier.

Related: Big Oil Walking A Tightrope As Prices Rise

Big Oil lobbies against EV infrastructure. The American Petroleum Institute, American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers and Americans for Prosperity – three major oil lobbies – have weighed in at utility commissions in Illinois, Iowa and Kansas over the last few weeks, arguing against utilities investing in EV infrastructure, according to E&E News. Typically, an arcane affair and far out of the limelight, public utility commissions can decide whether or not to approve electricity rate increases for utility investments. The effort by the oil industry to block EV investments highlights their fear of losing market share as EVs proliferate.

Nigeria needs investment to keep production from falling. “Nigeria’s oil production is expected to remain stable in the short to medium term, with new projects offsetting the decline from mature fields. The timely development of these resources is seen as key for maintaining the country’s oil supply,” Rystad Energy said in a new report. Nigeria used to produce over 2 million barrels per day but instability has dropped that figure to about 1.7 mb/d. Production could return to about 2 mb/d in the medium-term but the timely development of new discoveries will be needed to keep production stable. Existing output is expected to erode in the years ahead.

U.S.-China trade negotiations hit a wall. The U.S. is refusing to resume trade talks with China unless the Chinese government puts forward concrete proposals on forced technology transfers, according to the Wall Street Journal. The roadblock undercuts the odds of a breakthrough when Donald Trump meets Xi Jingping at the G20 summit in Buenos Aires next month.

By Tom Kool for Oilprice.com 

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  • Mamdouh G Salameh on October 27 2018 said:
    Two months ago Saudi Arabia and Russia added 650,000 barrels a day (b/d) (400,000 b/d and 250,000 b/d respectively) to the global oil market under different pretexts. Saudi Arabia had no alternative but to succumb to pressure from President Trump to raise oil production to keep prices down so as to save President Trump’s Republican Party from defeat in the Congressional mid-term elections in November. Russia added 250,000 b/d to prevent oil prices rising higher and affecting global oil demand. Russia can now live with an oil price of $40 or less.

    In so doing, Saudi Arabia in particular acted against the vital interests of OPEC, its own national interests and in violation of the OPEC/non-OPEC production cut agreement.

    I said then that the global oil market hasn’t balanced itself completely yet and that there is a small pocket of glut capable of taking care of outages in Venezuela, Libya and elsewhere. But the Saudis were so wanting to please President Trump that they prevailed over OPEC in its meeting in June this year and forced it to increase its production by almost 1 million barrel a day (mbd) which neither OPEC nor Saudi Arabia were capable of achieving.

    Now OPEC is suggesting a cut in its production in 2019 to avoid a supply glut when they should have stood up to Saudi Arabia and declared that they are not going to raise production. Moreover, Libya’s oil production is on the rise having topped 1.25 mbd in September. Libya aims to raise its production to a projected level of 1.6 mbd by 2019 but this depends on political stability in the country.

    OPEC members should not be afraid of a $100 oil because that is the price the overwhelming majority of its members need to balance their budgets. Saudi Arabia equally needs a $100 price but most of the time it is so interested in appeasing the US that it subjugates its own national interests to those of the US. May be it is high time for the Saudis to realize that for them the US is part of the problem not the solution.

    If the United States thinks that by prevaricating on trade talks with China it might be able to force China to yield, then it has got it absolutely wrong and this strategy will backfire. Therefore, it doesn’t bode well for the meeting in November between President Trump and Chinese President Xi Jingping to expect a breakthrough ending the escalating trade war between their countries. If no breakthrough is reached then, the trade war could be expected to escalate further. Long term, the escalating trade war will harm the United States far more than it affects China’s economy.

    The first crack in the US armour has appeared when the US Treasury admitted that China has not been manipulating its currency to benefit from trade with the United States. This is one of two accusations President Trump used when he imposed tariffs on Chinese exports. The other is the huge trade surplus China enjoys with the US.

    I have repeatedly argued that sooner or later President Trump will realize the futility of his escalating trade war against China. It is a war he can’t win. He will eventually be forced to cut his losses by bringing to an end his trade war with China.

    Dr Mamdouh G Salameh
    International Oil Economist
    Visiting Professor of Energy Economics at ESCP Europe Business School, London

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