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Nick Cunningham

Nick Cunningham

Nick Cunningham is a freelance writer on oil and gas, renewable energy, climate change, energy policy and geopolitics. He is based in Pittsburgh, PA.

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The Biggest Threat To The Oil And Gas Industry

Trump

Trump’s trade war is taking a toll on the oil and gas industry.

There has been some eleventh-hour drama over the renegotiation of NAFTA, but the energy industry is likely going to dodge a bullet on that front, with the most contentious issues revolving around agriculture and automobiles.

But even if the NAFTA renegotiation succeeds, the oil and gas industry has already taken a hit from Trump’s broader trade war.

The most obvious impact comes from the 25 percent steel and 10 percent aluminum tariffs that the Trump administration has placed on a variety of countries, which have pushed up the cost of steel in the U.S., leading to cost inflation for oil and gas projects. Worse, the application system for waivers is cumbersome and time-consuming, and some companies are angry because precisely who obtains an exemption from the federal government seems to be arbitrary.

For instance, as Reuters reported, Chevron received a waiver for importing a 4.5-inch steel pipe used for oil exploration while a small company called Borusan Mannesmann Pipe saw its application rejected by the U.S. Commerce Department for a similar steel pipe used in well casing. The Commerce Department has been accused of not providing adequate information on why it rejects certain cases, offering only vague language such as the availability of domestic steel. A common thread in the rejections seems to be opposition submitted from steel producers.

Related: Why Oil And Natural Gas Prices Are Diverging

Reuters says that Commerce has received over 37,000 applications for waivers from U.S. companies, but the agency has only issued decisions on 2,871 of those requests as of August 20. Roughly two-thirds of the applications were approved, but nearly 1,100 were rejected. “The Commerce Department is now hard-pressed to spend more than a few minutes reviewing each application,” said Bernd Janzen, a partner in Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP, told Reuters. In the case of Borusan, which saw its application rejected, the company expects its operating costs to rise from $25 to $35 million because of the tariffs.

A few weeks ago, Plains All American also was rebuffed by Commerce for imported steel for its Cactus oil pipeline in Texas. The CEO of Plains called the tariffs a “$40 million tax.” The Cactus pipeline is seen as particularly important because it will help relieve the midstream bottleneck in the Permian when it comes online.

Needless to say, steel and aluminum are crucial materials to oil and gas projects, and while the Trump administration is aiming to revive domestic manufacturing, users of those components will pay the price. The costs will reverberate throughout the energy industry, from upstream producers, to oilfield services, refiners, LNG exporters and the endless array of related suppliers and servicers.

Still, things could soon get much worse. The Trump administration is reportedly on the verge of moving ahead with the proposed $200 billion in tariffs on Chinese goods, according to Bloomberg. The proposed duties have to go through a public comment period, but that period ends on September 6, clearing the way for Trump to proceed.

Some even view the progress on NAFTA as a worrying sign for the U.S.-China dispute. “So as far as China and Asia are concerned, this new Mexico deal solves nothing,” ING Bank NV in Singapore wrote in a note after the U.S.-Mexico bilateral deal was announced. “It strengthens the U.S. position to play hard-ball with China. This doesn’t look good for the region.”

The personnel making up the Trump administration are often described as being divided into two camps, those in favor of free trade and those that are more nationalistic, spoiling for a trade fight with China. The latter group, seems to have had the upper hand as of late. “The hawks are certainly in the ascendancy on China trade policy,” Amy Celico, Principal of Albright Stonebridge Group said on Bloomberg TV.

Related: Is This The World’s Most Beautiful Electric Car?

That does not bode well for a resolution to the trade fight. China has signaled that it won’t back down and will try to match U.S. tariffs with levies of their own. Up until now, China has refrained from slapping tariffs on U.S. crude oil and LNG exports, but there is a good chance that the next phase will ensnare oil and gas.

At that point, the trade war could start to affect global growth. “The scale is enormous and once the tariffs materialize, they will definitely send jitters through financial markets,” Gai Xinzhe, an analyst at the Bank of China’s Institute of International Finance in Beijing, told Bloomberg.

Implementation of the $200 billion in tariffs is not a foregone conclusion. The Trump administration could impose tariffs in increments, delay them or hold off altogether. But should Trump choose to take the trade fight to the next level, he will be doing so at a time when emerging markets are rattled by currency turmoil, global growth looks shaky, and a growing number of economists see rising potential for a recession in the U.S. over the next two years.

By Nick Cunningham of Oilprice.com

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  • Bob on September 02 2018 said:
    A very timely and on target article that clearly lays out the serious prospect of tariff blowback from China, not only to the US oil and gas industry, but also to the global economy. Well done, Nick.
  • dryhole dutton on September 03 2018 said:
    110k engineers have been laid off in houston alone due to the orchestrated oil price collapse. when shale runs it's course, and demand outpaces supply, where does the industry expect to find qualified engineers to rebuild the epc sector?

    4, 5, 6 years is a long time to forgo a paycheck. college age students are not getting engineering degrees, and foreign born engineers are a disaster.

    trump's trade wars are insignificant when compared to the impending technical capability disaster.

    just remember, the same people who did not forsee the 2014 price collapse coming will not forsee the looming global undersupply problem either.
  • David jarvis on September 03 2018 said:
    Then again , every single speculation about everything in the last 10 years , by experts , has been completely wrong . Sorry , make that the last 30 years .
  • Bill Simpson on September 08 2018 said:
    You don't suppose bribes might get someone exempted, do you?

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