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Irina Slav

Irina Slav

Irina is a writer for Oilprice.com with over a decade of experience writing on the oil and gas industry.

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China Set To Buy 1 Million Bpd Of 'Cheap' Iranian Crude This Month

China’s crude oil imports from Iran this month could reach close to 1 million bpd, Reuters reported today, citing trading and analyst sources.

That would be almost half the amount Saudi Arabia exports to China.

An earlier report by Reuters from the beginning of the month said that China was buying record-high volumes of Iranian crude in anticipation of the Biden Administration lifting sanctions on Tehran. Even India, the report said, started planning for Iranian oil purchases.

Later in March, Washington warned China to stop buying oil from Iran, according to a senior administration official.

“We’ve told the Chinese that we will continue to enforce our sanctions,” the unnamed official told the FT. “There will be no tacit green light.” 

The Trump-era sanctions may be waived if Iran and the U.S. make it to the negotiation table, but that still remains uncertain.

“Ultimately, our goal is not to enforce the sanctions; it is to get to the point where we lift sanctions and Iran reverses its nuclear steps,” the official told the FT.

Meanwhile, China is stocking up on cheap Iranian crude, most recently securing long-term supply with a deal worth $400 billion, under which China will invest heavily in various sectors of the Iranian economy over the next 25 years and will in exchange receive access to a steady flow of cheap oil.

Currently, Iran is masking the crude it sells to China as originating from other countries to avoid U.S. sanctions. It is also undermining the efforts of its fellow members to keep prices stronger.

“The recent jump in Iranian crude exports, notably to China, and crude going out of inventories are contributing to the weakness of the oil market, undermining OPEC+ efforts to limit supply and setting prices for a third weekly drop,” Rystad Energy said, as quoted by Reuters.

By Irina Slav for Oilprice.com

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  • Mamdouh Salameh on March 30 2021 said:
    China’s fast-rising imports of Iranian crude oil are motivated not only by the oil price discount of $3-$5 a barrel Iran is offering it but more importantly by its strategic alliance with Iran, the Belt and Road Initiative in which Iran is allocated a key position and above all defying US sanctions.

    Therefore, China’s imports of Iranian crude will go beyond million barrels a day (mbd).
    Even India has been ignoring US sanctions and buying Iranian crude in increasing volumes. Between them, China and India account for more than 60% of Iranian oil exports.

    The impressive rise in oil prices since December last year didn’t slow down because of rising Chinese imports from Iran and a release of oil from global oil inventories as Rystad Energy claimed. The surge slowed down because of concerns over the major European economies bringing back lockdowns triggered by reduced supplies of vaccines. Global oil supplies have been undergoing a steep depletion since the last quarter of 2020.

    Dr Mamdouh G Salameh
    International Oil Economist
    Visiting Professor of Energy Economics at ESCP Europe Business School, London

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