• 4 minutes Oil Price Editorial: Beware Of Saudi Oil Tanker Sabotage Stories
  • 7 minutes Mueller Report Brings Into Focus Obama's Attempted Coup Against Trump
  • 11 minutes Magic of Shale: EXPORTS!! Crude Exporters Navigate Gulf Coast Terminal Constraints
  • 14 minutes Wonders of Shale- Gas,bringing investments and jobs to the US
  • 7 mins Trump needs to educate US companies and citizens on Chinese Communist Party and People's Liberation Army. This is real ECONOMIC WARFARE. To understand Chinese warfare read General Sun Tzu's "Art of War" . . . written 500 B.C.
  • 17 mins Evil Awakens: Fascist Symbols And Rhetoric On Rise In Italian EU Vote
  • 3 hours Is $60/Bbl WTI still considered a break even for Shale Oil
  • 1 hour Level-Headed Analysis of the Future of U.S. Shale Oil Industry
  • 5 hours Asia Oil Refiners Mull Run Cuts With Margins At 16 yrs. Low For Season
  • 3 hours Trump bogged down in Mideast quagmire. US spent $Trillions, lost Thousands of lives, and lost goodwill. FOR WHAT? US interests ? WHAT INTEREST ? . . . . China greatest threat next 50 years.
  • 9 hours Devastating Sanctions: Iran and Venezuela hurting
  • 3 hours Why is Strait of Hormuz the World's Most Important Oil Artery
  • 28 mins Apartheid Is Still There: Post-apartheid South Africa Is World’s Most Unequal Country
  • 3 hours Misunderstanding between USA and Iran the cause of current stand off, I call BS
  • 3 hours ARAMCO BOARD: Former Dow Chemical CEO Andrew Liveris: I want to help Saudi Arabia become a 21st century economy
  • 5 hours IMO 2020 could create fierce competition for scarce water resources
  • 5 hours IMO2020 To scrub or not to scrub
The Oil Price Tug Of War

The Oil Price Tug Of War

Oil markets have been relatively…

US Fracking Industry has Used 250 Billion Gallons of Water Since 2005

The fracking boom has been applauded by many as the saviour of the US, dragging its economy out of recession, and bringing in a new era of oil and gas production that could see the country become energy independent in the coming years.

Fracking has also attracted attention as a source of pollution and threat to the environment. More than 80,000 fracking wells have been drilled since 2005, and various studies have shown that horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing have a number of negative consequences, such as contaminating wells and streams, and the release of large amounts of methane at all parts of the production train.

A new concern that people are starting to take notice of is the billions of gallons of waste water that is returned to the surface along with oil and gas after a well is fracked, and its safe disposal.

A new report by Environment America, a campaign group, found that last year fracking in the US produced 280 billion gallons of toxic waste water, enough, according to the report, to flood the whole of Washington DC in 22 feet.

Related article: China, Japan and Chekhov's Gun—Where Does Fracking Fit In?

Environment America claims that “our analysis shows that damage from fracking is widespread and occurs on a scale unimagined just a few years ago.”

The exact damage that fracking causes to the environment, both air and water, has not yet been calculated, but “even the limited data that is currently available, however, paints an increasingly clear picture of the damage that fracking has done to our environment and health.”

Each well requires between 2 million and 9 million gallons of water, mixed with sand and special chemicals, in order to be completely fracked, and this has added up to 250 billion gallons of water since 2005. Much of this then becomes polluted with naturally occurring radioactive substances, such as radium and bromide.

The waste water pits in which the contaminated water is stored can often leak, and the report claims that treatment plants are not completely effective at cleaning the water. In fact the report says that water that still contains bromide causes huge problems when converted to drinking water. “When bromide in the wastewater mixes with chlorine (often used at drinking water treatment plants), it produces trihalomethanes, chemicals that cause cancer and increase the risk of reproductive or developmental health problems.”

By. Joao Peixe of Oilprice.com



Join the discussion | Back to homepage

Leave a comment

Leave a comment

Oilprice - The No. 1 Source for Oil & Energy News