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Eurasianet is an independent news organization that covers news from and about the South Caucasus and Central Asia, providing on-the-ground reporting and critical perspectives on…

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Kyrgyzstan’s Explosive Car Market Growth Raises Eyebrows

  • Kyrgyzstan's trade turnover sees a notable 30 percent increase in 2023, reaching $15.7 billion, with imports surpassing exports nearly fourfold.
  • The auto market witnesses a striking surge in imports, with over 184,000 cars brought into the country in 2023, while export figures remain modest, sparking doubts about the accuracy of government data.
  • Kyrgyzstan is looking to diversify its exports, securing deals like exporting 10,000 tons of walnuts to China, as part of efforts to expand markets for domestic products.
Car Market

Kyrgyzstan’s foreign trade is expanding, but the growth numbers aren’t necessarily a cause for celebration in Bishkek.

Overall trade turnover rose by 30 percent in 2023, compared with the previous year’s total, amounting to $15.7 billion, according to the official Chinese Xinhua news agency. However, imports outpaced exports in 2023 by almost four times, with goods and services totaling $12.4 billion being purchased and $3.3 billion being sold.

Not surprisingly, Kyrgyzstan is heavily dependent on Beijing and Moscow for trade. China accounted for over one-third of Kyrgyzstan’s trade turnover in 2023, the Russia-led Eurasian Economic Union was responsible for another 28 percent.

Speaking of trade turnover, a questionable trend is evident in Kyrgyzstan’s auto market. Auto imports from East Asia spiked last year, the Kyrgyz National Statistics Committee reported. More than 79,000 Chinese vehicles were shipped to Kyrgyzstan in 2023, compared with only 1,773 the previous year. Kyrgyzstan also imported over 50,000 cars from South Korea, a 10-fold increase over 2022’s figure. 

Overall, Kyrgyzstan imported 184,789 cars in 2023, compared with 41,241 the previous year. Official numbers for auto exports were modest over the same two-year period: 8,733 in 2023 and 1,008 in 2022. Some local observers question the accuracy of the government figures, especially export totals, noting that a Russian website that tracks the region’s auto industry earlier reported that Kyrgyzstan exported at least 60,000 vehicles to Russia in 2023. Since the start of the Ukraine war, Kyrgyzstan has faced criticism in Washington and Brussels for serving as a back-door trade route that helps Russia evade Western sanctions.

Meanwhile, the Kyrgyz Agriculture Ministry announced a deal to export 10,000 tons of walnuts to China, the Sputnik.kg outlet reported. In 2023, Kyrgyzstan exported over 21,000 tons of nuts. The Chinese deal is part of a Kyrgyz government push “to increase exports and find new markets for domestic products,” according to the Sputnik report. 

By Eurasianet.org

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