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Dan Steffens

Dan Steffens

Dan Steffens is the President of Energy Prospectus Group (EPG), a networking organization based in Houston, Texas. He is a 1976 graduate of Tulsa University…

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The Age Of Cheap Oil Is Over

The Age Of Cheap Oil Is Over

The longer I look at what is going on today with oil prices the less it makes sense to me. I know there are a lot of experts who blame this all on the “glut” of oil created by overly aggressive U.S. upstream companies that took all the cheap money they could get to “Drill Baby Drill”. However, the size and speed of the drop doesn’t seem justified when there is still plenty of room to store the short-term oversupply. Last week’s Department of Energy crude oil inventory report shows that we still have plenty of room in the storage tanks. In fact, the DOE reported a draw from storage of more than 3 million barrels for the week ended January 2, 2015.

Granted, oil storage levels are running above the previous 5-year average, but with a worldwide “glut” of oil production, why would refiners need to pull oil out of inventory?

There is some truth to the U.S. rapidly increasing oil production eating into Saudi Arabia’s market share, but to say we have some sort of global supply glut that cannot be absorbed by this market is nonsense. Humans are forecast to burn up 34.3 BILLION BARRELS of liquid hydrocarbon based fuels in 2015, so the “glut” argument seems to be quite a stretch to me. Plus, the demand for oil goes up by another 300 to 400 million barrels each year.

MonthlyNearestOHCLChart

The last time we had a drop in the oil price this large was in mid-2008. Prior to the drop we saw a rapid run up in the price, which was blamed on the “Evil Speculators”. The speed of the drop from $147/bbl to $35/bbl was partly because of the huge margin calls the non-commercial traders received. They were forced to cover their long positions when there were no buyers. The recent drop in oil prices has also been exaggerated by margin calls.

Related: Could The Oil Bust Last?

Keep in mind that short-covering rallies can occur as well. Today non-commercial traders (“Speculators”) outnumber commercial traders by around 18 to 1. The non-commercial traders cannot take the oil or deliver it, so they must cover their open positions before the futures contract expires. What do you think will happen if OPEC announces an “emergency meeting” or Russia & Saudi Arabia announce a joint agreement to cut production? The mood on the NYMEX trading floor can change very quickly.

In its Oil Market Report sent to clients last Thursday, DNB Bank’s Oslo research team led by oil market analyst Torbjørn Kjus, said “We now believe prices have dropped to unsustainably low levels and our oil price forecast is now bullish vs the whole forward strip.” Mr. Kjus is forecasting a rebound to $70/bbl for Brent during the 2nd half of this year.

Getting back to the topic:

Saudi Arabia’s decision on Thanksgiving Day to maintain their production level near 9.7 million barrels per day is costing them a ton of money. Jefferies Energy Group made a presentation in Houston last week and they put up a slide that showed the price of oil each OPEC nation requires to balance their budget.

BreakevenPrices

Saudi Arabia requires $93/bbl Brent to balance their budget. At today’s oil price, the Kingdom is going to watch their savings account drop by an estimated $50 Billion this year. We all know Saudi Arabia can afford it, however all but four OPEC members (Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and UAE) will see their entire Sovereign Wealth Fund wiped out this year if oil prices stay this low. Algeria, Nigeria and Libya are already broke and Iran & Venezuela are getting close. I doubt there are a lot of bankers lining up to lend this group any money.

To stop drilling any new wells until prices go back up is not an option.

We must keep finding new supplies of oil because every oil & gas well ever drilled goes into decline shortly after it is completed. Assuming current wells are declining by at least 5%, we need to drill enough wells to increase production by 4,600,000 barrels per day each year, just to stay even.

Related: The Simple Reason For The Oil Price Drop

The problem is that there are very few places left on earth where it is economically feasible at today’s oil price to find and develop new supply. Even in the really good parts of the Eagle Ford Shale you need $52/bbl just to breakeven. There are not many publicly traded oil companies that I know of which are in this business just to breakeven. If all but a few OPEC nations are broke, who is going to drill the wells we need to supply future demand?

AverageHouseholdExpenditureOnGasoline

What happens now?

Here are my predictions:

  • We are going to see an increase in M&A activity. The majors and well-funded large-caps will swoop in to take advantage of the situation to buy up some distressed smaller companies at bargain prices.
  • The active rig count will drop rapidly. U.S. oil production will continue to increase during the first quarter of 2015, slow in the 2nd quarter and be flat to declining by the 3rd quarter. The combination of a lot fewer new wells with thousands of rapidly declining horizontal shale wells will take care of this supply “glut” in short order.
  • The International Energy Agency (IEA) will raise their global demand forecast since lower fuel prices will increase demand. Consumers have more money already to spend on more “stuff” and it takes more hydrocarbon based fuels to make and deliver that stuff.
  • The price of oil will rebound before the end of the 2nd quarter. I doubt we will get back to $100/bbl anytime soon, primarily because of the strength of the U.S. dollar. I think we will see WTI over $70/bbl by sometime in the 3rd quarter.
  • Bad News for the “Gassers”: Natural gas prices may test $2.00/mcf unless we get some very cold weather in the eastern half of the U.S. over the next six weeks.

Very soon we will be getting a flood of 4th quarter 2014 results and year-end reserve reports. I will be looking very hard for prime takeover targets and I suggest you do the same. This should be a very interesting and profitable year for energy sector investors.

By Dan Steffens of Oilprice.com

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  • Bill Schlunegger on January 14 2015 said:
    I Agree that many people are playing the naked short game, and the Volatility of oil Price has been a fact every since Oil was put on the commodity market in the 80s.

    This makes No since at all that we allow Traders to control the price of such a basic Resource as Oil is.

    Gold and silver and food stuff is also the subject of wild speculation but Oil needs so much more investment, and is the driving force for all other commodities. The Problem is that oil is the one resource that is burnt up and gone afterwards. We are liquidated ourselves at a loss.

    Conservation of this Resource and and mankind depends on sensible policies not Political whims, and casino style trading.
  • John A on January 14 2015 said:
    "Markets can remain irrational longer than you can remain solvent."
    J Maynard Keynes
  • JohnT on January 14 2015 said:
    Sounds like people panicking.
  • Gord Tulk on January 15 2015 said:
    The author completely overlooks the fact that the collapse in oil prices and the readjustment of what will be high oil prices going forward will be well below $100 is not a simple supply and demand story but a technology story. Fracking and horizontal drilling have unlocked centuries worth of reserves at not just lower costs than what the market had assumed but that those costs are continuing to plummet at the technology is adopted globally and it becomes commoditized and the techniques become even more efficient and effective.

    In fact we have already seen this phenomenon in natural gas. The days of gas above 6$ for any extended period are over. For a hundred years.

    Oil and gas are now like coal. The reserves and the cost to access them are easily calculated - their is no need to explore for oil anymore. It is now a much more mundane business of margins and efficiencies and, in time, predictability. And the safe prediction is the polar opposite of the author's: low cost oil (and gas) are here for decades to come barring some major catastrophe of course.
  • Steve on January 15 2015 said:
    Current prices are misaligned with supply & demand, misaligned with marginal cost of production, and, as this article points out, misaligned with the objectives of oil producing countries including the Kingdom in the long run. We'll see a return to healthier levels of $60-80/barrel soon enough

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