• 1 day PDVSA Booted From Caribbean Terminal Over Unpaid Bills
  • 1 day Russia Warns Ukraine Against Recovering Oil Off The Coast Of Crimea
  • 1 day Syrian Rebels Relinquish Control Of Major Gas Field
  • 1 day Schlumberger Warns Of Moderating Investment In North America
  • 1 day Oil Prices Set For Weekly Loss As Profit Taking Trumps Mideast Tensions
  • 1 day Energy Regulators Look To Guard Grid From Cyberattacks
  • 1 day Mexico Says OPEC Has Not Approached It For Deal Extension
  • 1 day New Video Game Targets Oil Infrastructure
  • 2 days Shell Restarts Bonny Light Exports
  • 2 days Russia’s Rosneft To Take Majority In Kurdish Oil Pipeline
  • 2 days Iraq Struggles To Replace Damaged Kirkuk Equipment As Output Falls
  • 2 days British Utility Companies Brace For Major Reforms
  • 2 days Montenegro A ‘Sweet Spot’ Of Untapped Oil, Gas In The Adriatic
  • 2 days Rosneft CEO: Rising U.S. Shale A Downside Risk To Oil Prices
  • 2 days Brazil Could Invite More Bids For Unsold Pre-Salt Oil Blocks
  • 2 days OPEC/Non-OPEC Seek Consensus On Deal Before Nov Summit
  • 2 days London Stock Exchange Boss Defends Push To Win Aramco IPO
  • 2 days Rosneft Signs $400M Deal With Kurdistan
  • 3 days Kinder Morgan Warns About Trans Mountain Delays
  • 3 days India, China, U.S., Complain Of Venezuelan Crude Oil Quality Issues
  • 3 days Kurdish Kirkuk-Ceyhan Crude Oil Flows Plunge To 225,000 Bpd
  • 3 days Russia, Saudis Team Up To Boost Fracking Tech
  • 3 days Conflicting News Spurs Doubt On Aramco IPO
  • 4 days Exxon Starts Production At New Refinery In Texas
  • 4 days Iraq Asks BP To Redevelop Kirkuk Oil Fields
  • 4 days Oil Prices Rise After U.S. API Reports Strong Crude Inventory Draw
  • 4 days Oil Gains Spur Growth In Canada’s Oil Cities
  • 4 days China To Take 5% Of Rosneft’s Output In New Deal
  • 4 days UAE Oil Giant Seeks Partnership For Possible IPO
  • 4 days Planting Trees Could Cut Emissions As Much As Quitting Oil
  • 4 days VW Fails To Secure Critical Commodity For EVs
  • 5 days Enbridge Pipeline Expansion Finally Approved
  • 5 days Iraqi Forces Seize Control Of North Oil Co Fields In Kirkuk
  • 5 days OPEC Oil Deal Compliance Falls To 86%
  • 5 days U.S. Oil Production To Increase in November As Rig Count Falls
  • 5 days Gazprom Neft Unhappy With OPEC-Russia Production Cut Deal
  • 5 days Disputed Venezuelan Vote Could Lead To More Sanctions, Clashes
  • 5 days EU Urges U.S. Congress To Protect Iran Nuclear Deal
  • 6 days Oil Rig Explosion In Louisiana Leaves 7 Injured, 1 Still Missing
  • 6 days Aramco Says No Plans To Shelve IPO
Alt Text

Why U.S. Crude Exports Are Booming

U.S. crude oil exports are…

Alt Text

The Energy War That Erdogan Is Winning

The Turkish Republic of Northern…

Alt Text

With A World Awash In Oil, Kazakhstan Faces Fuel Crisis

Kazakhstan is struggling with a…

Tsvetana Paraskova

Tsvetana Paraskova

Tsvetana is a writer for the U.S.-based Divergente LLC consulting firm with over a decade of experience writing for news outlets such as iNVEZZ and…

More Info

Combatting Cyber-Attacks In The Oil And Gas Industry

Cyber Attack

Earlier this week, Yahoo reported that more than one billion user accounts were compromised and data stolen in a hack by an unauthorized third party in August 2013, in an incident “likely distinct” from the data breach the company disclosed this past September in which personal information of half a billion of its users was stolen.

This data breach is evidence of the fact that hackers are growing bolder and getting increasingly creative. And while news of Yahoo or LinkedIn security breaches immediately makes the headlines, media is by no means the only industry under threat from hackers.

Some of the most dangerous forms of cyber-attacks are those that target critical infrastructure such as oil and gas facilities, or nuclear plants. If one of these attacks were to succeed, it would not only be catastrophic for the environment, it would severely compromise governments and national security.

The oil and gas industry is well aware of potential threats, and is rising up to tackle cyber security issues by creating joint programs and initiatives. But it is the critical importance of oil and gas infrastructure that makes some governments unwilling to share information and join a global fight against cyber crime. In addition, experts say that technology alone is not the ‘easy fix’ that cyber security needs: boosting security can come only by raising awareness among personnel, especially in countries in the Middle East.

It was in the Middle East that the “worst hack ever seen” was perpetrated back in 2012. And the attack was against one of the biggest oil companies in the world, Saudi Aramco. It wiped 35,000 computers in hours, and Aramco was forced to use fax machines and typewriters. In a matter of hours, Saudi Aramco’s ability to supply 10 percent of the world’s oil was put at risk. Related: U.S. Solar Boom Continues: 1MW Installed Every 32 Minutes

Thankfully, oil production did not suffer—that time—but the entire computer-assisted corporate business was belly up.

A couple of weeks ago, Saudi Arabian institutions were targeted in a cyber-attack once again, with the General Authority of Civil Aviation (GACA) serving as one of the targets.

Before the latest cyber-attack on Saudi institutions, PwC said in a report from March this year:

“Technology isn’t the answer on its own: Middle Eastern companies can have a greater tendency to believe they can fix cyber issues by buying a technological ‘fix’. But that needs to be supported by a parallel investment in awareness and training - less than 20 percent have a strong awareness program, for example.”

It’s not only the Middle East that has been the target of cybercrimes. In August 2014, the Norwegian oil industry – a vital part of the country’s economy and state revenues – came under attack. National Security Authority Norway said that 50 companies in the oil sector were hacked and 250 more were warned to check their systems, in one of the biggest hacks in Norway’s history. Oil major Statoil was reportedly a target of that attack.

More recently, advisory and risk management company DNV GL has set up a Joint Industry Project (JIP) together with A/S Norske Shell, Statoil, Lundin, Siemens, Honeywell, ABB, Emerson, and Kongsberg Maritime, to develop the best practices in addressing cyber threats. Related: After Agreeing To Cut, Is OPEC’s No.2 Going Rogue?

Governments as well are acting to prevent cyber threats as much as possible. For example, the UK’s National Cyber Security Strategy for the next five years includes strengthening the defense of critical national infrastructure sectors such as energy and transport, underpinned by US$2.374 billion (1.9 billion British pounds) of transformational investment, Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Hammond said upon launching the strategy in October this year.

As for the entire global oil and gas security market, Wise Guy Reports said in a report on Wednesday that the market was valued at US$25.68 billion in 2015 and was estimated to grow annually by 5.01 percent to reach US$32.79 billion by 2020. The report said that oil and gas are essential global commodities, and oil is the world’s foremost commercial energy source.

Even if oil is currently trading at half the price it did in 2014, industry experts warn that low prices should not make companies lower their guard.

“Lower oil price does not mean lower risk,” William Rothe, vice president of enterprise systems for Hess Corp, told E&P Magazine’s Velda Addison last month.

By Tsvetana Paraskova for Oilprice.com

More Top Reads From Oilprice.com:




Back to homepage


Leave a comment

Leave a comment




Oilprice - The No. 1 Source for Oil & Energy News