• 6 minutes Can the World Survive without Saudi Oil?
  • 10 minutes Saudis Threaten Retaliation If Sanctions are Imposed
  • 15 minutes Closing the circle around Saudi Arabia: Where did Khashoggi disappear?
  • 6 hours Judge Approves SEC Settlement With Tesla, Musk
  • 14 mins U.N. About Climate Change: World Must Take 'Unprecedented' Steps To Avert Worst Effects
  • 41 mins How High Can Oil Prices Rise? (Part 2 of my previous thread)
  • 18 mins Saudis Pull Hyperloop Funding As Branson Temporarily Cuts Ties With The Kingdom
  • 47 mins UN Report Suggests USD $240 Per Gallon Gasoline Tax to Fight Global Warming
  • 3 hours Iranian Sanctions - What Are The Facts?
  • 4 hours EU to Splash Billions on Battery Factories
  • 6 hours Porsche Says That it ‘Enters the Electric Era With The New Taycan’
  • 1 hour China Thirsty for Canadian Crude
  • 6 hours Gold price on a rise...
  • 7 hours Mexico State Oil
  • 7 hours Saudi Crown Prince to Trump: We've Replaced All Iran's Lost Oil
  • 1 hour Shell, partners approve huge $31 billion LNG Canada project. How long till Canadian Federal government Environmentalates it into the ground?
Alt Text

Are U.S. Oil Exports Really Unstoppable?

U.S. crude oil exports hit…

Alt Text

Hedge Funds Continue To Reduce Bullish Bets On Oil

Money managers and hedge funds…

Zainab Calcuttawala

Zainab Calcuttawala

Zainab Calcuttawala is an American journalist based in Morocco. She completed her undergraduate coursework at the University of Texas at Austin (Hook’em) and reports on…

More Info

Trending Discussions

Is The EIA Overestimating The U.S. Shale Boom?

Permian

The American shale boom may be overstated by the U.S. Energy Department, according to a new MIT study that suggests the agency may be over-attributing a rise in shale drilling to technological advances.

“The EIA is assuming that productivity of individual wells will continue to rise as a result of improvements in technology,” MIT researcher Justin B. Montgomery told World Oil. “This compounds year after year, like interest, so the further out in the future the wells are drilled, the more that they are being overestimated.”

Instead, lukewarm oil prices have forced oil majors to drill only in easy-to-access areas, located mostly in the Eagle Ford and Permian basins in Texas, and the Bakken formation in North Dakota. This has led to an exaggerated increase in the number of active wells, and a hyperbolized narrative of growth in the shale industry, the study says.

“The same forecasting methods are used in other plays in the U.S., and the same dynamic is likely to be present,” Montgomery added.

Margaret Coleman, the Energy Information Administration’s chief of oil, gas and biofuels exploration and production analysis, said the “study raised valid points” and offered insights for more accurate analysis of domestic fossil fuel forecasting. Part of the blame can be attributed to an information gap in data available to the EIA team, she added.

Many shale wells lack key pieces of data tracked down by the MIT team, meaning EIA projections over-emphasized geological and capital assumptions as well as technological developments to estimate the shale industry’s growth. Of course, there have been some advances in drill head technology, mapping software, and hydraulic fracking, but that is just one part of the puzzle.

Related: Fear Will Drive Oil Prices Higher In 2018

“It’s really hard to bet against the ability of the industry to improve and get more out of the rock,” Manuj Nikhanj, co-CEO of RS Energy Group, told World Oil. Three years of oil prices have forced oil and gas majors worldwide to get creative to lower costs and avoid bankruptcies. Mass firings and empty offices pushed multinationals to operate on a leaner human resources diet, utilizing robots and merging job descriptions to keep the companies functional.

But the U.S. shale boom’s story is different. Its initial crash correlated deeply with the 2014 price burst, but its rise continued despite efforts by the global oil producing community to curb international output to battle a glut. A barrel price in the $40–$50 range still gave shale producers enough cushion to drill, even as foreign producers with expensive offshore and onshore operations struggled.

Output in the Bakken tripled from 2012 to mid-2015, the MIT data shows. But this boost related to oil major’s systematic abandonment of tough-to-drill spots in favor of more lucrative acreage. American shale companies were not allowed to export their crude prior to 2016. This meant that oil output from the U.S. was not directly contributing to the global oversupply. Still, the new production boosted inventories and lowered the size and frequency of crude orders by American refineries. Soon, the low-hanging fruit will have been picked.

“There certainly could be some validity to getting a rosier forecast because right now, the industry is working sweet spots,” Penn State hydrogeologist Dave Yoxtheimer said. “When that’s all played out, they’re going to have to go to the tier-two acreage, which isn’t going to be as productive.”

The slowdown has already begun in the Northeast’s Marcellus basin and in the Permian. Wells in the two prime shale drilling sites have lost between 10 to 20 percent of their output since a peak last fall, but barrel prices have been riding an upward trajectory for most of 2017, meaning the last resort “tier-two” acreage could remain profitable for at least the next couple of years.

By Zainab Calcuttawala for Oilprice.com

More Top Reads From Oilprice.com:




Back to homepage

Trending Discussions


Leave a comment
  • F. Boone on December 05 2017 said:
    Those MIT guys are idiots. Surprised the EIA wasn't already on vacation until next year.
  • Terry on December 06 2017 said:
    " oil and gas majors worldwide to get creative to lower costs" was not tough to get creative services costs were dropped by more the 50%. My wage dropped 60% so I am tired of hearing how Oil Majors are so good and creative !!
    Not to mention the flip side of higher oil prices equals more drilling the Oil Majors will not be in the drivers seat anymore it will be the service industry will be raising rates and the break even at 45 to 50 per bbl will start to rise to 50 to 60 the 60 to 70 and so on.
    There is already signs of this where drilling rigs are waiting for cementers for up to 2 days after a well is drilled and can not move until the well is cemented.
  • Joe Tierney on January 27 2018 said:
    I found the article and the MIT analysis reasonable and logical - much better than the EIA analysis, which is not very well balanced on the facts.

    It seems reasonable to me that several more years of high shale oil production will inevitably be followed by a steady decline and eventual abandonment of US shale altogether. The tipping point could be as close as 3-5 years away, or as far as away as 7-10 years, but it must come. And when it does it will have profound effects upon the global oil market and the US geopolitical position for the simple reason that the US will be forced to alter its foreign policy to again treat the Middle East as a profound dependency related to its national security.

    The US will find itself ill-prepared for that change because we'll be too busy celebrating what is supposed to be our perpetual oil independence.

Leave a comment




Oilprice - The No. 1 Source for Oil & Energy News