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Charles Kennedy

Charles Kennedy

Charles is a writer for Oilprice.com

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IEA Cuts 2024 Oil Demand Growth Forecast


Global oil demand growth is slowing due to “exceptionally weak” deliveries in developed economies at the start of the year, the International Energy Agency (IEA) said on Friday as it revised down its 2024 world demand growth forecast by 100,000 barrels per day (bpd).

The rise in oil consumption continues to lose momentum, with first-quarter growth estimated at 1.6 million bpd, which is 120,000 bpd below the IEA’s previous forecast, the agency said in its Oil Market Report today.

With most of the post-Covid rebound behind us, global oil demand is set to grow by 1.2 million bpd this year and growth is set to further slow to 1.1 million bpd next year, the IEA said.

Just last month, the IEA had raised its 2024 outlook on global oil demand growth, by 110,000 bpd from the February report and expected demand growth at 1.3 million bpd for 2024, compared to 1.2 million bpd expected in the previous month’s report.

The agency is now reversing this upward revision to oil demand growth amid “exceptionally weak” deliveries in OECD, waning effect of the post-Covid rebound, and vehicle efficiencies and an expanding EV fleet.

Global oil demand is now returning to its historical trend, Toril Bosoni, Head of Oil Industry and Markets Division, and Ciarán Healy, Oil Market Analyst at the IEA, wrote in a commentary today.

“Despite the deceleration that is forecast, this level of oil demand growth remains largely in line with the pre-Covid trend, even amid muted expectations for global economic growth this year and increased deployment of clean energy technologies,” they said.

The IEA’s demand growth estimates are well below these of OPEC, which confirmed on Thursday its forecast of global oil demand growth of 2.2 million bpd for 2024, broadly unchanged from last month’s assessment. The cartel still sees “robust growth” of 1.8 million bpd in 2025 compared to 2024. 

Global oil demand in the summer is expected to be strong as consumption of transportation fuels is set to rise across the board and across regions with summer and holiday travel picking up, OPEC said on Thursday. The group sees a “robust oil demand outlook for the summer months.”

By Charles Kennedy for Oilprice.com


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  • Mamdouh Salameh on April 12 2024 said:
    The IEA can't help itself. Every time it pontificates on oil it gets it wrong. That is why OPEC+ decided 4 years ago to stop using IEA energy data depicting it as inaccurate and politically-motivated.

    The latest folly is a claim by the IEA that global oil demand growth is slowing due to “exceptionally weak” deliveries in developed economies at the start of the year. The IEA deliberately ignores the fact that developed economies like the the United States' and the EU's are in the half of the world economy where growth is stagnating and inflation is high.it should have looked at the vibrant half, namely the China-led Asia-Pacific region where where growth is surging and inflation is minimal. There he will find oil deliveries are surging too.

    OPEC+ projected that global oil demand will grow by 2.2 million barrels a day (mbd) to 105.5 mbd in 2024 and that stands and will be achieved as evidenced by Brent crude today hitting $91.75 a barrel on its way to $100.

    Dr Mamdouh G Salameh
    International Oil Economist
    Global Energy Expert

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