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Growth in U.S. Oil and Gas Output Slows Down

Growth in U.S. Oil and Gas Output Slows Down

This year's increase in shale…

China’s Sinopec Says Peak Gasoline Demand Already Passed

China's EV boom has prompted oil giant Sinopec to adjust its oil demand forecasts, saying peak domestic gasoline demand has already passed and it’s going to be downhill from here. If accurate, the repercussions will be global considering China has for long been the biggest growth market for refined oil products.

According to CNEV Post, Chinese new car buyers are now choosing "new energy vehicles" (battery-electric and plug-in hybrid cars) at a rate of 37.8%, up from just 5.4% in 2020

Whereas Scandinavian countries like Norway (87.8%), Iceland (56.1%) and Sweden (56.1%) lead in terms of EV adoption, China still sells ~10x more EVs than all those three combined. Further, China has a lot more room for growth given its huge population and the fact that currently, less than 5% of cars on Chinese roads are NEVs.

Sinopec now forecasts that 2024 and beyond will see declining gasoline demand.

Other analysts have given less bearish oil demand growth projections, but still worrying nonetheless.

A couple of weeks ago, the International Energy Agency reported that global oil demand reached an all-time high of 103mn barrels a day in June. According to the global energy watchdog, robust demand was driven by better than expected economic growth in OECD countries, surging oil consumption in China, particularly for petrochemical production and strong summer air travel. The IEA has predicted that demand could hit another peak in August and remains on track to average 102.2mn b/d for the whole year, the highest ever annual level.

Bloomberg has predicted that global demand for road fuel will continue to grow for only four more years, with demand peaking in 2027 at 49 million barrels per day before entering terminal decline. According to Bloomberg, electric vehicles, ever-improving fuel efficiency and shared mobility are the oil sector’s biggest nemesis, with EVs expected to displace a staggering 20 million barrels per day in oil demand by 2040, up from 2 million barrels per day currently.

Bloomberg forecasts that demand for gasoline and diesel for road transport has already peaked in the U.S. and Europe, while demand in China is set to peak in 2024. Demand in other major consuming countries like India will go into a tailspin in the 2030s.

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By Alex Kimani for Oilprice.com

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  • Mamdouh Salameh on September 06 2023 said:
    Neither peak oil demand nor peak gasoline demand stand scrutiny. They are both based on media-exaggerated potential of EVs and their ability to displace crude oil consumption.

    Peak oil and gasoline demand won’t be reached even in the next 100 years. Demand for oil and gasoline will continue to grow year after year albeit at slightly decelerating rate because of government legislations, the impact of EVs and also because the notions of global energy transition and net-zero emissions are illusions. They are the biggest lies in history.

    The only real limitation to future growth of oil and gasoline production is depletion of reserves. This isn’t going to happen in the next hundred years because technology will improve the recovery factor (R/F) from reserves over the years. Moreover, global oil reserves would have been bolstered by new offshore discoveries, Russia’s Arctic oil and gas resources estimated to be enough for two centuries of Russian oil production in addition to the development of Iraq’s and Venezuela’s spectacular oil wealth.

    As for EVs, market realities tell a different story. Despite 35 years of heavy government subsidies and daily media promotion, there are currently 1.4 bn internal combustion engines (ICEs) compared with 26 million EVs. The EVs currently displace only 1.39 million barrels a day (mbd). By 2040 the number of EVs would have risen at best to 40 EVs compared with 1.45 bn ICEs. This will enable EVs to displace a mere 2.27 mbd and not 20.0 mbd by 2040.

    Peak demand whether for crude oil or gasoline is a myth. Oil and gas will continue to drive the global economy throughout the 21sy century and probably far beyond.

    Dr Mamdouh G Salameh
    International Oil Economist
    Global Energy Expert

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