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Tsvetana Paraskova

Tsvetana Paraskova

Tsvetana is a writer for Oilprice.com with over a decade of experience writing for news outlets such as iNVEZZ and SeeNews. 

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Venezuela Crisis Deepens As The World Take Sides

Venezuela protests

The political standoff in Venezuela continues as the world watches with apprehension and countries begin to take sides, backing one of the two leaders claiming to be president of the crisis-stricken Latin American nation that holds the world’s largest crude oil reserves.  

Venezuela’s opposition leader Juan Guaidó, the president of the National Assembly, declared himself interim president on Wednesday, and the United States supported him against Nicolas Maduro, whom the U.S. Administration declared an “usurper” with no legitimacy to the presidency.

Maduro, in turn, severed diplomatic ties with the U.S. on Wednesday and gave U.S. diplomats in Venezuela 72 hours to leave the country.

According to a Reuters witness, some U.S. diplomats left the U.S. embassy in Caracas on Friday and headed to the airport in a convoy escorted by police.

Right-leaning Latin American nations, including Brazil, Colombia, and Argentina, also recognized Guaido, while leftist Cuba and Bolivia support Maduro.

Russia, China, and Turkey stand by Maduro, who explicitly thanked those three countries and all other governments in the world who support the “legitimately elected government which I preside.”

The European Union (EU) said as early as on Wednesday that the voices of Venezuelan people calling for democracy “cannot be ignored.”

“The EU strongly calls for the start of an immediate political process leading to free and credible elections, in conformity with the Constitutional order,” the EU said, but stopped short of backing Guaidó.

Germany, as well as Spain, call on Maduro to “immediately” agree to hold new elections, otherwise both EU members would consider backing Guaidó.

“The German government will speak in forthcoming EU consultations in favor of recognizing Juan Guaido as interim president, unless such free and fair elections are held immediately,” DW quoted German government spokesman Steffen Seibert as saying on Friday.


Spain’s Foreign Minister Josep Borrell said on Friday that Spain is pushing for the EU to support Guaidó if Maduro doesn’t call elections by a “short and minimal” deadline yet to be set. The EU was discussing the deadline on Friday.

By Tsvetana Paraskova for Oilprice.com

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  • Mamdouh Salameh on January 26 2019 said:
    Reports about a slowdown in US shale oil production and the recent events in Venezuela have captured the headlines.

    However, the recent events in Venezuela will hardly impact oil prices unless the country’s oil production which has been in steady decline for a while collapses completely as a result of a full-scale strike in PDVSA or a civil war in the country.

    China and Russia who between them are owed more than $30 bn worth of investment will do everything possible to prevent a collapse of Venezuela’s economy.

    Still, US interference in Venezuela’s affairs and the threat by the Trump administration to impose sanctions on Venezuelan oil exports are exacerbating an already tense situation.

    As for US shale oil, never a day passes nowadays without reports about a slowdown in US shale oil production. So when a pioneer of the US shale oil industry like Continental Resources’ Harold Hamm speaks, the US Energy Information Administration (EIA) in cahoots with the International Energy Agency (IEA), the Financial Times, Rystad Energy and BP Statistical Review of World Energy should listen.

    Harold Hamm’s suggestion that growth in US shale oil production could decline by as much as 50% this year compared to 2018 follows in the footsteps of a spate of recent reports about a slowdown of US sale oil production from the Wall Street Journal (WSJ), International oil service companies such as Schlumberger, Baker Hughes and Haliburton and other authoritative organizations including MIT, the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA) and Sightline Institute about declining well productivity, slowing drilling activity, plunging US rig count, a huge backlog of drilled but uncompleted wells (DUCs), rising drilling costs and also rising breakeven prices and therefore can’t be ignored.

    The most recent report from the world’s largest oilfield services company ‘Schlumberger’ says that the slowdown in shale drilling activity is creating uncertain outlook for US shale oil output in 2019.

    Perhaps the EIA and others in cahoots with it may reduce their excessive hyping the latest of which by the IEA and Rystad Energy is that the United States is set to produce more oil and liquids than Russia and Saudi Arabia combined by 2025 surpassing 24 mbd. Such a claim is not only ridiculous as it can’t be substantiated in geological and economic terms but also smacks of an attempt to curry favour with the Americans.

    Russia is right in saying that a price war with the US would hurt its economy. Such a discredited strategy has been tried before by Saudi Arabia in the aftermath of the 2014 oil price crash when Saudi Arabia prevailed upon OPEC and flooded the global oil market with the purpose of undermining US shale oil production. That strategy backfired miserably and inflicted heavy damage not only on Saudi and OPEC members’ economies but also on the economies of oil-producing nations around the world including Russia’s. What will eventually lead to the demise of US shale oil is not a price war but geology.

    The Achilles heel of US Shale oil is that its wells suffer precipitous depletion rates estimated at 70%-90% soon after a well is completed. After an initial burst in output, wells see a rapid decline in production. This necessitate the drilling of more than 10,000 new wells every year at an estimated cost of $50 bn just to maintain production adding to their outstanding debts.

    China is turning to Russia for more oil and gas supplies. Two factors favour Russia, namely having common borders with China and pipelines to transport its oil and gas shipments to China and a strategic partnership between the two countries. For the last three years Russia has been the largest crude oil supplier to China and is already the largest natural gas supplier. If Saudi Arabia wants to defend its market share in China, it may have to accept the petro-yuan as a method of payments for its oil shipments to China.

    Dr Mamdouh G Salameh
    International Oil Economist
    Visiting Professor of Energy Economics at ESCP Europe Business School, London
  • Mamdouh Salameh on January 26 2019 said:
    The aforementioned comments were not intended for this article but for the one titled: " Oil Prices Unmoved by Venezuela Turmoil".

    My apologies

    Dr Mamdouh G Salameh
    International Oil Economist
    Visiting Professor of Energy Economics at ESCP Europe Business School, London

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