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Kurt Cobb

Kurt Cobb

Kurt Cobb is a freelance writer and communications consultant who writes frequently about energy and environment. His work has also appeared in The Christian Science…

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One Underlying Catalyst Behind Syrian Conflict And Paris Attacks

As the world mourns those who died in Paris last week in a killing spree for which the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) has claimed responsibility, reporters and commentators have been discussing the motivations behind the attacks. I'm not sure that any, so far, has considered whether one can draw a straight line from a severe drought in Syria to these mass killings. My own answer is that if the line is there--and I think it is--then it has taken many twists and turns before arriving in Paris.

Even so, it might be worthwhile for those who will soon be gathering in this bereaved city to negotiate a new worldwide climate treaty to understand any such connection. For in the background behind these events, there is a Syria starved of water almost surely because of climate change.

A study released earlier this year suggested that the first link in the causal chain that led to the current conflict in Syria was a severe drought lasting from 2006 through 2009, a drought that yielded some of the strongest evidence yet for the link between climate change and increasingly extreme droughts. Related: Energy Markets Testing Some Big Investors

As The New York Times reported last March:

Some social scientists, policy makers and others have previously suggested that the drought played a role in the Syrian unrest, and the researchers addressed this as well, saying the drought "had a catalytic effect." They cited studies that showed that the extreme dryness, combined with other factors, including misguided agricultural and water-use policies of the Syrian government, caused crop failures that led to the migration of as many as 1.5 million people from rural to urban areas. This in turn added to social stresses that eventually resulted in the uprising against President Bashar al-Assad in March 2011.

So, climate change is not a sufficient explanation for the Syrian conflict nor for the ugly and brutal attacks on French civilians. In fact, ISIS had been threatening France long before the French military joined the conflict in late September. Nevertheless, climate change appears to be the first link in a long chain of events involving a myriad of groups and countries that ultimately led to the attacks in Paris, attacks believed to be in retaliation for French airstrikes on ISIS. Related: Why French Military Action In Syria Doesn’t Affect Oil Prices

It is not that climate change causes people to be violent so much as it exacerbates their violent tendencies. Lack of water and the failure of harvests can make people very, very angry--angry and susceptible to those who promise revenge against the perceived sources of their problems.

But, one cannot fight climate change with guns. So, when the guns come out, they get pointed at people for reasons few trace back to climate change. Simmering grievances, old and new, can find their expression, it seems, in armed conflict when the heat from global warming is turned up this high.

The paramount concern in Paris now is for the safety of those thousands of scientists, policymakers, businesspeople, reporters and world leaders who will be descending on the city for the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change between November 30 and December 11. Will it enter the attendees' minds that the savage attacks in Paris are in some way linked to climate change? Will the broader public worldwide see the link?

We humans have a natural proclivity to fight over things we want and need such as water, food, and energy resources. Climate change will make our ability to obtain all of these in sufficient quantities either more difficult (food and water) or more problematic (greenhouse gases from fossil fuel energy resources). Related: Future Of Brazil’s Oil Industry In Serious Doubt

More conflict over these basics that is linked to climate change cannot be far in the future. And, that means that the upcoming climate talks in Paris will not just be about climate. They will also be about conflict and peace. Without substantial progress on climate change we are likely to see ever more conflicts that begin with deprivation brought on by climate change, but which quickly spiral into wars with ideological, ethnic and religious dimensions that engulf entire regions.

Many readers may know the old adage about the relationship between peace and justice: "If you want peace, work for justice." To that we must now add a new variation: "If you want peace, you must work for policies and practices that seriously address climate change."


May the Paris negotiators find the courage to do just that.

By Kurt Cobb

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  • Daniel G on November 18 2015 said:
    Great article Mr. Cobb. Probably be lost on the readers and the people going to Paris for the conference but its spot on.
    Will the world react properly? We shall see. I am not counting on it nor holding my breath.
  • David Hrivnak on November 19 2015 said:
    Well written Kurt. I agree and problems like this are likely to only increase as we continue to beat the planet. Another link in the chain is high oil prices have supported most area dictators and have helped to fund such groups. Imagine if we spent that trillion for Gulf War 2 on electric vehicles and infrastructure so we could get off the oil habit? We did this personally and are pleased we did as not only do we stop funding such groups we found out we save a lot of money personally while driving great cars.
  • SilberShark110 on November 19 2015 said:
    The West Created daesh aka ISIS, Saudi Qatar and turkey sponsored.
    France delivered weapons to Syria "rebels", the U.K. ,USA, turkey, wahhabiten Arabia ,Israhell , Qatar also
  • Gil on November 19 2015 said:
    Please don't insult people's intelligence. Syria is a desert climate with recorded droughts back to the biblical age. People do not get so full of hate they chop peoples heads off because it hasn't rained in a year. If your implying that natural climate change could be a link to 7000 years of middle eastern violence you could be on to something. The record documents hundreds of natural warming and cooling cycles in the last 7000 years. Our West Texas drought that broke this year has been documented to be worse than the dust bowl drought. I have had a bucket in the shower to catch water so I can keep some plants alive. Not once have I thought about chopping my Muslim next door neighbor's head off or shooting his children. If a middle eastern drought could be a "link" to an end result like Paris there would be no living souls in the middle east because they have pretty much lived in perpetual drought for the last 7000 years. I've read some pretty far reaching far left propaganda to support man made global warning but this reached the idiotic level. People are actually laughing as they read this. You have done your cause a disservice.
  • Lee James on November 20 2015 said:
    That climate change contributed to drought in Syria seems a little far-fetched ... until you look at patterns all over the globe. Our military refers to climate change as a conflict multiplier. That's what Mr. Cobb seems to say. Climate change has become an increasingly important ingredient in the stew.

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