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Tsvetana Paraskova

Tsvetana Paraskova

Tsvetana is a writer for Oilprice.com with over a decade of experience writing for news outlets such as iNVEZZ and SeeNews. 

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World Bank: Major Escalation In Israel-Hamas War Could Send Oil Soaring To $157

  • The World Bank sees oil prices averaging $81 per barrel in 2024 if there isn’t a major disruption due to the Israel-Hamas war.
  • If the Israel-Hamas war were to escalate into a major regional conflict, the World Bank believes prices could climb as high as $157.
  • The World Bank’s other scenarios in which the escalation in the region isn’t as drastic have oil trading anywhere from $93 to $121.
oil prices

Oil prices are set to average $81 a barrel in 2024 in case the Hamas-Israel war doesn’t spill over to the region—otherwise, in a ‘large supply disruption’ scenario, prices could spike to as high as $157 per barrel, the World Bank said on Monday.  

This quarter, oil prices are expected to average $90 per barrel – not too different from the price of oil early on Monday at just below $90, according to the World Bank’s latest Commodity Markets Outlook published today.

So far, the conflict between Hamas and Israel has had limited impact on the global commodity markets, with oil prices having risen by around 6% since the Hamas attack on Israel. But prices of agricultural commodities, most metals, and other commodities have barely budged, mostly because of the global economy’s improved ability to absorb oil price shocks, the World Bank says.

Yet, the bank has assessed three possible risk scenarios of oil supply disruptions based on historical experience since the 1970s.

In a “small disruption” scenario where global oil supply would be reduced by up to 2 million barrels per day, oil prices would initially increase between 3% and 13% relative to the average for the current quarter—to a range of $93 to $102 a barrel.

The “medium disruption” scenario—roughly equivalent to the Iraq war in 2003—would take up to 5 million bpd off global oil supply and send oil prices jumping by 21% to 35% initially—to between $109 and $121 a barrel, according to the World Bank.

In a “large disruption” scenario—comparable to the Arab oil embargo in 1973—global oil supply would shrink by up to 8 million bpd and push prices surging by 56% to 75% initially—to between $140 and $157 a barrel, the bank added.

“If the conflict were to escalate, the global economy would face a dual energy shock for the first time in decades—not just from the war in Ukraine but also from the Middle East,” Indermit Gill, the World Bank’s Chief Economist and Senior Vice President for Development Economics said in a statement.

By Tsvetana Paraskova for Oilprice.com


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  • Mamdouh Salameh on October 30 2023 said:
    With the current robust global oil demand and a tight market, Brent crude could be expected to range from $90-$100 a barrel in the last quarter of 2023.

    Any oil disruption will emanate from an Iranian direct involvement in the Hamas-Israel conflict and a serious attempt by Iran to block the flow of oil through the Strait of Hormuz. If it succeeds, then Brent crude could initially rocket to $150 a barrel but it won’t stay there for long because of measures the United States will take to open the Strait and because of global oil demand destruction.

    However, I tend to discount the possibility of a direct involvement by Iran or even an indirect one involving Iran’s allies: Hizbullah, Hamas and Syria.

    Iran knows that the United States and Israel are looking for an excuse to attack and destroy its nuclear installations. Iran doesn’t wish to provide them with any excuse.

    However, there is also the possibility that both the United States will create an excuse to attack Iran. In such a situation a wider war in the Middle East could be forced on Iran involving it and its allies of Huzbullah in Lebanon, the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Coros (IRGC) in Syria and Iraq, Hamas in Gaza and the Houthis in Yemen with thousands of missiles raining on Israel and also a disruption of oil and gas exports through the Strait of Hormuz.

    Dr Mamdouh G Salameh
    International Oil Economist
    Global Energy Expert
  • Carlos Blanco on October 31 2023 said:
    This is just sensationalism at its best. Surely there will be demand destruction before the oil price reaches that $157 per barrel level.

    All this talk about oil price soaring above $100 is just pure indulgence.

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