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Jon LeSage

Jon LeSage

Jon LeSage is a California-based journalist covering clean vehicles, alternative energy, and economic and regulatory trends shaping the automotive, transportation, and mobility sectors.

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Elon Musk Could Go Unpaid For A Decade

Tesla (NASDAQ:TSLA) CEO Elon Musk has extremely high expectations for the electric automaker’s performance over the next decade — and if it isn’t reached, he won’t be paid at all.

This week, the company announced that Tesla has implemented a 10-year CEO performance package based entirely on the automaker’s market cap growing from the current level of about $50 billion to more than ten-fold at $650 billion over the next decade.

While performance-based compensation packages are becoming more common in the oil and gas market, and many other global industries, these companies have taken a potentially more stable and wide-sweeping system than what Musk and colleagues have designed.

Musk will receive none of the usual corporate executive compensation methods. There will be no salary, cash bonuses, or equity that vests. Musk will qualify only for an at-risk performance award, requiring that payment will only be made once the company hits the high mark that’s being set. Musk and Tesla shareholders would do remarkably well if all the targets are hit.

It’s based on Musk’s 2012 performance award, which produced about a 17-fold increase in the company’s market cap over the five years since it was put in place. Skyrocketing stock value drove that increase, and went far beyond the company’s revenue and profit performance. Perceptions remained strong, with expectations that high production volumes for the new Tesla Model 3 will turn the company into a larger, more mainstream automaker.

On Thursday, Tesla said it’s on track to achieve its production targets for the Model 3. A few employees would disagree, citing problems such as having to make some of the battery packs by hand at the Gigafactory in Sparks, Nev. Related: Justifying Blockchain’s Energy Usage

Right next to ramping up its factories, Tesla is holding its CEO up the task of escalating revenue and adjusted EBITDA targets. It will be tied into shareholder value creation, much more than Musk’s 2012 performance award. It’s based on 12 tranches being established where Musk will vest in stock options that correspond to 1% of Tesla’s current total outstanding shares; that 1% is based on approximately 1.69 million shares of Tesla stock. If the tranches aren’t achieved, Musk won’t receive any pay.

Oil and gas companies have something different in place. During 2016, Exxon Mobil (NYSE:XOM) CEO Rex Tillerson (who now serves as Donald Trump’s Secretary of State), earned about $26.4 million. About $4.8 million came from base pay and bonuses; about $19.7 million came through shareholder equity from the company’s strong financial performance; and more than $575,000 came from other sources.

A study released this month by consulting firm Alvarez & Marsal found that CEOs and CFOs in the oil and gas exploration and production field are now heavily influenced by incentive compensation, including annual and long-term incentives (LTI). These incentives now make up 85 percent of a CEO’s and 82 percent of a CFO’s total compensation package.

Production growth has been the main issue oil and gas executives face. It’s the most prevalent performance metric in annual incentive plans and is utilized by 81 percent of companies in the industry, according to the study.

Musk is worth over $21 billion now from Tesla and his SpaceX commercial space travel company. If the new production model works over the next decade, that market valuation could more than double to $55 billion — if these lofty expectations are met.

The new model is built on parallel milestones that Musk must achieve. One is based on Tesla’s market value and the other on the company’s revenue and profitability. As each tranche is reached, the market value is expected to go up by another $50 billion.

Tesla says it will go from producing about 100,000 electric vehicles in 2017 to more than 500,000 in 2018. Musk previously said that it will leap up to about one million units produced by 2020. That would include the upcoming Tesla Model Y crossover along with the Model 3 small passenger car.

Some market analysts point out that Tesla has already been taking a great deal of pressure lately for over-inflating its market value based on actual performance and assets. Related: Largest Oil Consumers Not In A Rush To Hedge Crude

One challenge that the company will have to clear up is a second government investigation over the safety of its self-driving vehicle technology. The fatal crash in Florida during 2016 set the company sideways until a federal investigation ruled that the company had operated properly and that the Autopilot semi-autonomous system was not inherently unsafe.

A more recent crash could bring a more serious outcome to the company. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration is sending investigators to California to evaluate the crash where a Tesla car using Autopilot rammed into a parked fire truck.

The National Transportation Safety Board is also getting involved. The agency announced Tuesday that it was also sending investigators to California to investigate and assess the crash.

In the past, Musk has dealt with investigations over the fatal 2016 crash involving the Autopilot system with a bit of grace and transparency. That will be necessary with this go around, and it illustrates how dependent the company is on how Musk handles things.

By Jon LeSage for Oilprice.com

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  • Kr55 on January 27 2018 said:
    He could get to 100B quicker if he still senses that the Tesla hype train is still going top speed. Tesla stock price has been immune to big issues for some time. Just dilute your way to a big payday.
  • hall monitor on January 28 2018 said:
    "This week, the company announced that Tesla has implemented a 10-year CEO performance package"

    Except that they did not implement it. At this point it is just a proposal. It is not valid until voted upon and accepted by shareholders at the annual company meeting in March.
  • Citizen Oil on January 28 2018 said:
    Regardless of how the company performs, I think he's going to be OK . LOL
    As for EV's and self driving ones, I for one will never buy an electric car if i'm not forced to and will never, ever step into a self driving one. i think these are the greatest follies ever to be pronounced as " progressive" and will likely hurt or bankrupt car makers all together. The most popular engine sold in the USA is the V8 . Do you think these buyers are going to jump to EV's this quickly ? The auto manufacturers are in for a huge disappointment.

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