Donald Trump’s first week in office as U.S. president has brought major upheaval. And it looks like the new leader could be about to cause some massive shifts in the oil market.
That’s because of a proposed tax on U.S. imports — with big implications for crude flows coming into America.
President Trump and the Republican U.S. Congress have been discussing a potential new tax on all imports. Which has been quoted at 20% — a substantial burden on shipments entering America.
That includes crude oil. A commodity where U.S. refiners still import some 10 million barrels daily.
Such a move would raise the cost for imported oil significantly. And push U.S. refiners to favor domestic crude supplies.
There’s been some doubt over the last several weeks about whether Trump would follow through with the import tax. But last Thursday new White House chief of staff Reince Priebus said at a press conference that the government is still strongly considering the measure.
That means a big shift could be coming for oil flows in America. And here’s what that means for crude buyers, and for investors.
The new import tax would be a negative for refiners. Which would be unable to shift away from imported crude oil immediately — and would see input costs for their operations rise almost overnight.
Refiners would almost certainly start looking to increase domestic oil usage. Which would boost prices for U.S. products like West Texas Intermediate relative to global blends like Brent — due both to actual demand as well as speculative buying from investors jumping on the trend. Related: Why A Trade War Won’t Derail U.S. Energy Exports To Mexico
That would in turn be good for U.S. oil drillers. Who would suddenly benefit from world-leading pricing.
One big question is: how much domestic crude can U.S. refiners take? Many facilities on the Gulf Coast are configured to use heavy crude (formerly coming from suppliers like Venezuela), while a good portion of new U.S. shale oil supplies consist of lighter crude that might not fit refinery specs.
That could push refiners to seek increased heavy oil supplies from local producers — benefitting heavy oil plays in the western U.S. and even Alaska. Watch for more news over the coming weeks on whether the import tax will pass, and for an ensuing jump in American crude prices.
Here’s to crisis and opportunity.
By Dave Forest
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Canada is the major supplier of our imported oil, and the tax, in its current wording, would not apply to Canada. It applies to imports from countries with which the US has a trade deficit. Canada doesn't qualify.