It seems to many that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is putting off a final decision on whether or not it will slash the 2014 biofuels mandate in order to calm markets, but the rumor mill has the market more anxious than ever.
According to some media reports, the agency would reduce ethanol targets for 2014 under the Renewable Fuel Standard by 16%, mandating only 15.21 billion gallons of fuel coming from renewable sources, rather than the planned 18.15 billion, established by a 2007 law.
The agency would call for the use of 13 billion gallons of conventional corn-based ethanol and 2.21 billion gallons of advanced biofuels such as biodiesel, down from 13.8 billion gallons and 2.75 billion gallons, respectively, this year.
The agency's 2014 proposal is currently at the White House Office of Management and Budget and is further delayed by the government shutdown.
Related article: Synthetics Breakthrough to Increase Biofuel Production by 50%
The 2007 law mandates the use of 14.4 billion gallons of corn-derived ethanol in 2014 and 15 billion in 2015. Lobbyists for refiners say that requirement is too high, and have pressed both Congress to scrap the entire program and EPA to lower the requirements.
The agencies proposal, if approved as circulated, would mark a significant victory for oil companies, who have been lobbying regulators and Congress to cut biofuel blending mandates that had been eating into their market share.
Earlier this month, Big Oil’s American Petroleum Institute (API) is taking on the ethanol mandate with a lawsuit challenging quota’s that the group says is not only bad policy but unrealistic.
On 9 October, the API filed a federal lawsuit challenging the government’s estimate over how much ethanol must be blended into the US fuel supply this year.
On other side of the divide, the move would be bad news for local corn growers, who provide the raw materials for the fuel. This would reduce the volume of corn-based ethanol to about 800 million gallons less than this year's 13.8 billion gallons, even though the law had required 14.4 billion gallons in 2014.
Stephen Brown, vice president and counsel at Tesoro Corp said that if these numbers are valid and if EPA's goal was to put out a proposal that makes everyone less than happy, then their mission has accomplished.
Related article: Big Oil Breaks Out Legal Guns Over Ethanol
"Directionally, though, Big Corn should view the upcoming pincer move -- from the agency and from the Energy and Commerce Committee -- as a pretty strong signal that the train is leaving the station and they might want to buy a ticket, " Brown said.
However, the major loser in the circulating equation could be Brazil because the EPA considers its ethanol "advanced", as it is made of sugarcane and offers much more carbon savings that corn ethanol. US imports of Brazilian sugar cane ethanol could be cut by more than half if the speculating numbers are adopted.
By. Joao Peixe of Oilprice.c