• 4 minutes Permian in for Prosperous and Bright Future
  • 7 minutes Amount of Oil Usage in the United States
  • 10 minutes America Could Go Fully Electric Right Now
  • 2 hours Something wicked this way comes
  • 13 hours Famine, Economic Collapse of China on the Horizon?
  • 4 hours Why NG falling n crude up?
  • 19 hours US after 4 more years of Trump?
  • 17 hours Oil giants partner with environmental group to track Permian Basin's methane emissions
  • 6 hours Nord Stream 2 Halt Possible Over Navalny Poisoning
  • 20 hours .
  • 3 days Daniel Yergin Book is a Reality Check on Energy
  • 11 mins Top HHS official takes leave of absence after Facebook rant about CDC conspiracies
  • 2 days The Perfect Solution To Remove Conflict Problems In The South China East Asia Sea
  • 4 days Gepthermal fracking: how to confuse a greenie
  • 4 hours .
  • 3 days Open letter from Politico about US-russian relations
The Nine Key Points In Biden’s Energy Strategy

The Nine Key Points In Biden’s Energy Strategy

Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden…

How CO2 Can Make Key Metals More Accessible To Miners

How CO2 Can Make Key Metals More Accessible To Miners

A team of international scientists…

Irina Slav

Irina Slav

Irina is a writer for Oilprice.com with over a decade of experience writing on the oil and gas industry.

More Info

Premium Content

Is This The Perfect Battery?

The quest for the perfect battery continues. Increasingly often called the Holy Grail of energy storage, it needs to be energy dense, cheap, and durable. Existing batteries usually fail in at least one of these respects, with lithium-ion ones being on the expensive side despite their energy density and durability, and lead-acid batteries, for example, having short lives and low energy density. Now a team of scientists from Stanford say they may have come up with the Holy Grail: a battery that is simultaneously energy dense, cheap, and durable. An important bonus is that the battery is easily scalable.

The battery developed by the lab of a materials science professor, Yi Cui, and his team, led by Wei Chen, uses manganese as electrolyte in a water-based solution. When the battery charges, electrolysis breaks down the water from the solution into hydrogen and oxygen. The manganese from the electrolyte solution binds with the oxygen and sticks to the carbon cathode. Hydrogen gas is the form in which the energy is stored in the battery. During discharge, the manganese ions dissolve back into the electrolyte solution and the oxygen and hydrogen turn back into water.

According to the team, their battery has an energy density of 140 Wh/kg and has a lifecycle of 10,000 charge/discharge cycles. As for cost, the senior author of the study estimated that storing enough electricity to power a 100-W lightbulb for 12 hours would cost a penny. And what’s perhaps best about this battery is that it could be easily used to store energy from renewable sources, to discharge it during peak demand hours. This will replace the on-demand power plants that are commonly used right now, but at the expense of higher CO2 emissions.

The Department of Energy has recognized the benefits of battery storage and has devised requirements for grid-scale storage that all battery makers are in a rush to fulfill. These include the capacity to store and discharge a minimum of 20 kW per hour, durability of at least 5,000 cycles, and a lifespan of at least 10 years. As for cost, the DoE estimates US$100 per kWh as the maximum to make such storage commercially viable.

Related: Cheap Hydrogen Could Soon Become A Reality

The Stanford lab battery is cheaper than other alternatives because it uses abundant elements such as manganese and hydrogen. Because of its relatively simple structure it can also easily be scaled, and it has the durability. But scalability would come at a cost: the prototype uses platinum as catalyst—and platinum, while relatively cheap right now, is nowhere near as cheap as manganese and has brought the total cost of the water-based battery to over the US$100 maximum. Besides, building a grid-scale battery of this kind could prove costlier than the prototype, but the researchers are already looking into ways to reduce the cost of their invention.

They have already found an alternative to the platinum catalyst and are now working on the cathode, testing different materials, to improve the battery’s performance further. The invention certainly sounds promising and possibly superior to other recent battery prototypes that fell short of requirements in one of the three aspects that make up the perfect battery. Now it just needs to prove viable outside the lab.

By Irina Slav for Oilprice.com

More Top Reads From Oilprice.com:


Download The Free Oilprice App Today

Back to homepage





Leave a comment
  • Bhimsen Pachawry on May 06 2018 said:
    The lithium ion battery has higher energy density of 240Wh/kg. But manganese is cheaper to obtain and if scalable, it is still much higher than lead acid battery, which have energy density of 40Wh/kg.

Leave a comment




Oilprice - The No. 1 Source for Oil & Energy News