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India Makes Bold Move to Reduce Dollar Dependency in Oil Trade

  • The Reserve Bank of India urges state refiners to negotiate 10% of oil payments in rupees with Gulf suppliers to preserve the rupee's value.
  • Despite initial resistance from Gulf exporters due to currency risks, India aims to promote the rupee in international trade and cut dollar reliance.
  • This move aligns with broader BRICS efforts towards de-dollarization, including creating a blockchain-based payment system for international transactions.
Dollar

Four months after India's government rejected demands from Russian oil companies to pay for Russia's crude exports in Chinese yuan, it appears India is now hoping for a similar arrangement with Gulf crude exporters. Bloomberg reports that the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has asked the country’s major state-owned refiners to press Persian Gulf suppliers to accept at least 10% of oil payments in rupees in the next financial year, three executives at the processors said.

The RBI is concerned that the nation's soaring demand for energy will weaken the rupee, something that has been a general trend over the last two years (India refiners must sell Rupees to buy USDollars to settle the payments for their increasing heavy demand for crude).

 The executives that Bloomberg sourced also noted that India wants to leverage the growth in consumption to its own advantage, by promoting the Indian currency in international trade and cutting dependence on dollars.

The three refiners - Indian Oil Corp., Bharat Petroleum Corp. and Hindustan Petroleum Corp. - have already approached oil exporters on the matter, but the suppliers are pushing back due to currency risk and conversion charges, the executives said.

The vast majority of global oil transactions are in dollars, although China has had some success in using the yuan more to pay for imports.

Related: Two Countries That Could Break Putin's Gas Grip On Europe

Indian Oil partly paid Abu Dhabi National Oil Co for a shipment of 1 million barrels of crude in rupees last August.

However, there haven’t been any transactions in the currency since then.

The country’s refiners have also used other currencies - include UAE dirhams - to pay for Russian crude.

This decision by India comes just days after a report by Russian news agency TASS said that the five-nation BRICS group comprising Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa will work on creating a payment system based on blockchain and digital technologies.

“We believe that creating an independent BRICS payment system is an important goal for the future, which would be based on state-of-the-art tools such as digital technologies and blockchain. The main thing is to make sure it is convenient for governments, common people and businesses, as well as cost-effective and free of politics,” Kremlin aide Yury Ushakov said in an interview with TASS.

As CoinDesk reports, the effort is part of a specific task for this year to increase the role of BRICS in the international monetary system. 

For some time now, the BRICS grouping has been making efforts to reduce its reliance on U.S. dollars in settlement, also known as de-dollarization.

“Work will continue to develop the Contingent Reserve Arrangement, primarily regarding the use of currencies different from the US dollar," Ushakov said.

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India is the world’s third-largest crude importer and is forecast to be the leading driver of global consumption growth this decade.

By Zerohedge.com 

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Leave a comment
  • Mamdouh Salameh on March 06 2024 said:
    Since China launched its first ever crude oil futures in the Shanghai International Energy Exchange (INE) on 26 March 2018, the petrodollar has been losing ground to the petro-yuan. Then came the Ukraine conflict with Russia retaliating against Western sanctions and demanding payments in ruble for its oil and gas exports to countries which imposed the sanctions.

    Russia has been accepting both the Indian rupee and the petro-yuan as payments for its oil and gas exports to India.

    Now India is urging its major state-owned refiners to press Gulf suppliers to accept at least 10% of oil payments in rupees in the next financial year. India aims to support the value of the rupee and promote it in international trade and cut reliance on the dollar.

    India's decision aligns with broader BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) efforts towards de-dollarization, including creating a blockchain-based payment system for international transactions.

    Last December, Chinese President Xi Jinping demanded during a summit meeting in Riyadh with heads of State of members of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) that they accept the petro-yuan in payment for Chinese crude imports the bulk of which go to China.

    With the GCC countries accepting the petro-yuan, China paying for its crude imports in petro-yuan, India paying in rupee, ruble and petro-yuan, the petrodollar could lose an estimated 60% of its share in global oil trade. This could cause a loss of one third to one half of the dollar's value.

    By 2030 the yuan could emerge as the primary reserve currency of the world with the petro-yuan becoming the main oil currency along with few other currencies.

    Dr Mamdouh G Salameh
    International Oil Economist
    Global Energy Expert

Leave a comment




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