• 23 hours Shell Oil Trading Head Steps Down After 29 Years
  • 1 day Higher Oil Prices Reduce North American Oil Bankruptcies
  • 1 day Statoil To Boost Exploration Drilling Offshore Norway In 2018
  • 1 day $1.6 Billion Canadian-US Hydropower Project Approved
  • 1 day Venezuela Officially In Default
  • 1 day Iran Prepares To Export LNG To Boost Trade Relations
  • 2 days Keystone Pipeline Leaks 5,000 Barrels Into Farmland
  • 2 days Saudi Oil Minister: Markets Will Not Rebalance By March
  • 2 days Obscure Dutch Firm Wins Venezuelan Oil Block As Debt Tensions Mount
  • 2 days Rosneft Announces Completion Of World’s Longest Well
  • 2 days Ecuador Won’t Ask Exemption From OPEC Oil Production Cuts
  • 2 days Norway’s $1 Trillion Wealth Fund Proposes To Ditch Oil Stocks
  • 2 days Ecuador Seeks To Clear Schlumberger Debt By End-November
  • 3 days Santos Admits It Rejected $7.2B Takeover Bid
  • 3 days U.S. Senate Panel Votes To Open Alaskan Refuge To Drilling
  • 3 days Africa’s Richest Woman Fired From Sonangol
  • 3 days Oil And Gas M&A Deal Appetite Highest Since 2013
  • 3 days Russian Hackers Target British Energy Industry
  • 3 days Venezuela Signs $3.15B Debt Restructuring Deal With Russia
  • 3 days DOJ: Protestors Interfering With Pipeline Construction Will Be Prosecuted
  • 3 days Lower Oil Prices Benefit European Refiners
  • 3 days World’s Biggest Private Equity Firm Raises $1 Billion To Invest In Oil
  • 4 days Oil Prices Tank After API Reports Strong Build In Crude Inventories
  • 4 days Iraq Oil Revenue Not Enough For Sustainable Development
  • 4 days Sudan In Talks With Foreign Oil Firms To Boost Crude Production
  • 4 days Shell: Four Oil Platforms Shut In Gulf Of Mexico After Fire
  • 4 days OPEC To Recruit New Members To Fight Market Imbalance
  • 4 days Green Groups Want Norway’s Arctic Oil Drilling Licenses Canceled
  • 5 days Venezuelan Oil Output Drops To Lowest In 28 Years
  • 5 days Shale Production Rises By 80,000 BPD In Latest EIA Forecasts
  • 5 days GE Considers Selling Baker Hughes Assets
  • 5 days Eni To Address Barents Sea Regulatory Breaches By Dec 11
  • 5 days Saudi Aramco To Invest $300 Billion In Upstream Projects
  • 5 days Aramco To List Shares In Hong Kong ‘For Sure’
  • 5 days BP CEO Sees Venezuela As Oil’s Wildcard
  • 5 days Iran Denies Involvement In Bahrain Oil Pipeline Blast
  • 8 days The Oil Rig Drilling 10 Miles Under The Sea
  • 8 days Baghdad Agrees To Ship Kirkuk Oil To Iran
  • 8 days Another Group Joins Niger Delta Avengers’ Ceasefire Boycott
  • 8 days Italy Looks To Phase Out Coal-Fired Electricity By 2025
Alt Text

OPEC Concedes That U.S. Shale Won’t Die

OPEC has significantly adjusted its…

Alt Text

Trudeau, Where Is Your Back Up Plan For The Arctic Ban?

The five-year moratorium on oil…

Attack on Iran's Oil Industry Ups Cyber Warfare Stakes

Attack on Iran's Oil Industry Ups Cyber Warfare Stakes

Stuxnet failed to cause enough damage to Iran’s nuclear program, and more recent attacks on the country’s science ministry and oil industry have also apparently fallen flat, but practice makes perfect, and cyber warfare will continue to escalate, presumably with Iran going on the offensive as soon as its capabilities allow. 

Iran’s Fars news agency claimed on 29 April that cyber attacks on the Iranian Science Ministry and the oil industry “failed to penetrate” or to leave “any impact on the data system”. A cyber attack on Iran’s oil industry earlier this week saw a virus penetration that damaged hard disks but ultimately failed to cause any lasting damage and computer systems were functioning normally, Iranian oil officials said.

The “Viper” virus, which it has reportedly been dubbed, managed to take some key installations offline for a short period, including the Kharg Island terminal control systems, which deals with the bulk of Iran’s oil exports through the Persian Gulf.

On 28 April, Iranian officials said they had successfully identified the source of the cyber attack on the oil industry, though they declined to release the results of their investigation. "The nature of the attack and the identity of the attackers have been discovered, but we cannot publicize it since we are still working on the case," Iranian news agencies quoted a senior Oil Ministry official as saying. 

Independent experts suggest that the virus was intended to disrupt Iranian oil exports while the country is under sanction. There appears to have been no effect on Iranian oil exports due to the cyber attack, however.

The first major cyber attack directed at Iran was in 2010, when the Stuxnet worm targeted Iranian nuclear facilities and attempted to disrupt their operations. Stuxnet was the first known worm designed to spy on and reprogram industrial systems. It managed to infect 30,000 Iranian IP addresses, according to Iranian officials, but apparently did not cause any real damage to the computer systems attached to the country’s nuclear program. A Russian computer security lab discovered that there were four subsequent offshoots of Stuxnet. One was the Duqu Trojan virus designed to steal data and launched shortly after Stuxnet. Another, launched earlier this month, was the Stars virus, for which Iranian experts found similarities to Stuxnet in design, not purpose. 

Of course the cyber attacks against Iran are believed to be the undertakings most probably of Israel with American complicity, or some division of labor thereof. That said, there is no concrete evidence of the origins of Stuxnet. Still, the covert war against Iran’s nuclear facilities is not exactly covert.

“US intelligence officials revealed earlier this month that the Stuxnet malware was not only designed to disrupt Iran's nuclear program, but was part of a wider campaign directed from Israel that included the assassination of the country's nuclear scientists,” Fars writes. 

Iranian news agencies keep the world up-to-date on the country’s efforts to maintain pace with cyber warfare, at least from a defensive perspective. In November, Iranian news agencies announced that developed a program to combat the Duqu spyware.

Iran has also set in motion plans to create a separate body dedicated to the issue, the Supreme Council of Cyberspace, and has clearly demonstrated cyber army abilities, targeting dissidents at home and using pro-government hackers to shut down social networking platforms. 

So is Iran ready to go on the offensive and target critical energy infrastructure in Israel and the US? In an interview with NPR, cyber security expert Jeffrey Carr, occasionally on loan to the Department of Defense, said "[The Iranians] have all the resources and the capabilities necessary to be a major player in terms of cyberwarfare."

"Cyber basically levels the playing field. It provides asymmetry that can give small groups disproportionate impact and consequence," said Frank Cilluffo, associate vice president and director of the Homeland Security Policy Institute at George Washington University, told a panel of lawmakers last week. "And whereas they may not have the capability they can rent or buy that capability. There's a cyber arms bazaar on the Internet. Intent and cash can take you a long way, and that is what I think we need to be thinking about."

The fear that Iran may launch a cyber attack on critical US infrastructure is a fear of retribution. Push Iran too far, and it is sure to go on the cyber offensive. By most accounts, it has, or could easily acquire, the necessary capabilities. 

By Jen Alic of Oilprice.com

Jen Alic is a geopolitical analyst, co-founder of ISA Intel in Sarajevo and Tel Aviv, and the former editor-in-chief of ISN Security Watch in Zurich.




Back to homepage


Leave a comment

Leave a comment




Oilprice - The No. 1 Source for Oil & Energy News