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Robert Rapier

Robert Rapier

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When the Wind Doesn’t Blow

When the Wind Doesn’t Blow

Every morning after I wake up, I have a routine. The first thing I do, regardless of how sleepy I might still be, is slip on my shoes and run a mile. This erases the fog of sleep and gets me ready for the day. As an aside, I can highly recommend a quick run in the morning for just about everyone. The time commitment is minimal, it’s good for the heart, helps with stress, and it kicks the brain into high gear much faster than a cup of coffee can (which I still have later in the morning).

When I am traveling, I will often use a hotel treadmill, and catch up on the news for a few minutes as I run. But when I am in Hawaii, I run outdoors in all but the worst weather. The town I live in — near the north end of the Big Island — is known for the wind. In fact, the school mascot where my children have attended school for the past five years is “Ka Makani”, which means “the wind” in Hawaiian. There is a 10.6 megawatt (MW) wind farm —Hawi Renewable Development Wind Farm  (shown in the picture above) — 20 miles north of where I live.

While the wind there blows enough to support a wind farm, and more often than not I have to run against it during some part of my run, on some mornings everything is dead still. On those mornings, I know I can look to the west and see black smoke rising into the sky.

The average capacity factor — that is the percentage of time that an electricity-producing asset is actually producing maximum power — is about 40 percent for wind power in the US. The Hawi Renewable Development Wind Farm is a little bit better than that at 45 percent, but for the 55 percent of the time that it isn’t producing power, backup is required. Often, intermittent renewable power supplies are backed up by dirty and inefficient power.

The Waimea Generating Station is located only a few hundred yards from my house. It is owned and operated by Hawaii Electric Light Company, Inc. (HELCO). The plant consists of three 2.5 MW diesel engine generators that are fired on Number 2 fuel oil with a maximum sulfur content of 0.5 percent by weight. Every time I notice that its calm on my morning run, I can always find the smoke rising from these generators. They come on when the wind turbines aren’t spinning.

Related Article: Buildings Can Save More Than 50% of Electrical Energy Use

When people talk about the intermittent nature of resources like the wind and sun, they are referring to the fact that there are times — often unpredictable — when these resources aren’t producing. At 7 am, the world is waking up and demand for electricity is climbing. At that early hour, and with the sun perhaps not yet shining brightly enough for solar power to contribute appreciably, back-up power is needed in areas like my neighborhood that utilize wind power when it’s available.

That is the nature of intermittent resources. People don’t usually think about the fact that if the wind isn’t blowing that an electric utility — somewhere — brings on line backup power. When this happens, for the consumer it is transparent. Their toaster continues to function as it did when the wind was blowing. People don’t realize it’s happening, unless they see it happen (as I did several times this past week on my morning run when I saw the smoke rising).

Good backup or storage options are required for intermittent resources. At times these renewables can be backed up by hydropower, but more often than not they are backed up just like the Hawi Renewable Development Wind Farm — with fossil fuels.

Promising energy storage options are in development. These include batteries, compressed air, flywheels, and hydrogen production. Without economical backup and storage options, renewable power will be unable to reach its full potential. That’s why I have referred to this as The Most Important Problem in Renewable Energy.


By Robert Rapier of EnergyTrends Insider

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  • Odysseus on June 12 2014 said:
    "When people talk about the intermittent nature of resources like the wind and sun, they are referring to the fact that there are times — often unpredictable — when these resources aren’t producing."

    An individual site doesn't need to produce constantly. That's what the grid is for. Regional variance is much lower than individual variance. As long as someone is always producing (and we can build properly to make that true) the grid will supply power.

    Also, the statement that variance is unpredictable overstates the case. We can predict wind resources very well for terms of days. That's long enough to plan any shifts to other modes of generation.

  • David Hrivnak on June 12 2014 said:
    One relativly easy solution, or at least a partial solution is electric vehicles. The Nissan Leaf was able to provide power during the Nuclear meltdown in Japan. Solar and wind coupled with batteries in electric vehicles could go a long way to making the grid more stable.
  • john on June 13 2014 said:
    Odysseus says-
    ( "An individual site doesn't need to produce constantly. That's what the grid is for. Regional variance is much lower than individual variance. As long as someone is always producing" )

    Weather systems can be huge, Europe has had high pressure dominating for weeks, so sod all wind from Ireland to Poland, Italy to Scotland.

    This map shows - Live production from your local windfarm across Europe - http://www.rwe.com/web/cms/en/206488/rwe-innogy/sites/production-data-live/rwe-renewable-energy-live/ (a minus fig indicates them taking power from grid to rotate blades) Note: capacity in MW but output in kW, so ÷ output by 1,000 to compare.

    According to the wind industry, UK has 1,278 Windfarms (may 2014) comprising –
    9,912 Turbines, + approx 18,000 small units,
    Total Capacity = 23 GW
    See - http://www.renewableuk.com/en/renewable-energy/wind-energy/uk-wind-energy-database/index.cfm/maplarge/1

    To see how little wind & solar contributes to our grid demand, look here –

    And this is how much EXTRA we pay per mth for low density intermittent ‘green’ energy - http://www.variablepitch.co.uk/finance/ & yes the figs are £millions/mth.

    Lots more info from-
    Department of Energy & Climate Change ( DECC ) & Grid figs
    ( Digest of United Kingdom Energy Statistics ( DUKES)
    http://tinyurl.com/n4k7n8 )

    Ps- as I write this UK wind is operating at just 0.1% of its capacity !! contributing (0.2 GW ) a mere 0.4% to our grid demand !! ( Look here - http://www.gridwatch.templar.co.uk/ ); we are importing 30 x that from France & Holland.

    Do you really think that’s a sensible way to use precious resources ??

    I won’t even start on the ‘community benefits’ scam.

    It is a very dangerous world, when politics trump science & engineering facts.

    David Hrivnak said:
    "One relativly easy solution, or at least a partial solution is electric vehicles"

    No it’s not….no space here to elucidate.
  • Anon on June 14 2014 said:
    Wind & solar are too variable...but nuclear is not variable enough. It loses money every night for lack of demand. Yet there was (& still is) plenty of justification for nuclear. I don't oppose nuclear...just BIG nuclear, version 1.0. There is no perfect energy source, stop looking for it.
  • Juice on June 25 2014 said:
    Wind and solar are the anti-perfect energy source. Bottomless pits for government subsidies and catastrophic mandates that benefit project insiders like Warren Buffett and victimize everyone else.

    It's a great scam as long as voters don't catch on to that leaking hole in their wallets and the rising threat of brownouts and blackouts on the electricity interconnect.

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