The world’s largest nuclear power market is ready to gain more government backing for the energy — no matter who wins in November.
For nearly a half century, the Democratic Party’s election year party platform has excluded nuclear energy, but that’s not the case this year. The newly-released party platform says It favors a “technology-neutral” approach that includes all zero-carbon technologies, including hydroelectric power, geothermal, existing and advanced nuclear, and carbon capture and storage.
It's the first time since the 1972 election year that the party has had any positive statements to make about nuclear power, which did include early testing of fusion nearly a half century ago. That year, the Democratic party said it supported “greater research and development” into “unconventional energy sources” including solar, geothermal, and “a variety of nuclear power possibilities to design clean breeder fission and fusion techniques.”
Since then, the Democratic Party has either ignored or opposed nuclear energy. Environmental groups have been opposed to nuclear power for years, and have had much influence on campaigns and elected officials.
A clear example of it comes from 2005, when about 300 environmental groups –
including Greenpeace, Sierra Club, and Public Citizen – signed a statement which said “we flatly reject the argument that increased investment in nuclear capacity is an acceptable or necessary solution….[N]uclear power should not be a part of any solution to address global warming.”
The Sierra Club, the largest US environmental lobby, says it remains “unequivocally opposed to nuclear energy.”
That’s been changing significantly with nuclear technology advancements bringing more support. It also comes about as many governments are pushing for “carbon neutral” energy and transportation. Nuclear power is being taken more seriously, along with carbon capture and storage, ‘green’ hydrogen, and natural gas. Related: What The UAE-Israel Deal Really Means For The Middle East
Presidential candidate Joe Biden's campaign website also includes nuclear power support as something it would like to bring to Washington. The threat of climate change would make that administration more open to energy alternatives.
“To address the climate emergency threatening our communities, economy, and national security, we must look at all low- and zero-carbon technologies. That’s why Biden will support a research agenda through ARPA-C to look at issues, ranging from cost to safety to waste disposal systems, that remain an ongoing challenge with nuclear power today,” reads a statement on the campaign’s website.
Biden has been championing starting a new agency, Advanced Research Projects Agency for Climate Change (ARPA-C). Like predecessor ARPA-E that funded advanced technology in renewable energy, electric vehicles, and other technologies, and DARPA that supported advanced military vehicle applications, ARPA-C would back test projects working toward lowering cost, driving efficiency, and reducing emissions.
The change in policy statements is good news for the American nuclear-energy sector and for those concerned about climate change. Nuclear power advocates have been pushing for more government backing to fund test projects and development.
But its already been in the works in Washington. During the past two years, bipartisan support on Capitol Hill has led to new laws, including the Nuclear Energy Innovation and Modernization Act and the Nuclear Energy Innovation Capabilities Act. The policies were designed to help stimulate the development and deployment of new nuclear fuels, materials, and advanced reactors. Nuclear power could see new reactors open during a phase of its history in the US when some had been closed and support for the energy had declined. Related: Oil Prices Rise As U.S. Dollar Index Drops To 2-Year Low
The next nuclear power plant to open will likely be powered by fission, but nuclear fusion has been gaining billions of dollars in support of its development. Nuclear fusion has many impressive backers including Microsoft founder Bill Gates and Norwegian oil and gas company Equinor.
Renewable energy is getting more attention on the Democratic Party’s agenda, but building the case for supporting nuclear fusion is gaining more traction in the party and other sectors, including academic research centers and transportation planners and policymakers.
One argument being made is that nuclear power plants operate at much higher capacity than renewable energy sources or fossil fuels such as coal and natural gas. Another point made by backers is that nuclear fusion offers a consistent, steady energy source — versus wind and solar facing intermittent weather conditions.
Providing an emissions-free ample energy source is making for a more appealing argument as carbon emissions rules start to take hold in Europe, Asia, and North America.
By Jon LeSage for Oilprice.com
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