A Cold Fusion explanation that seems workable and can be a base for theory that the layperson can grasp is making its way around the world. This writer is going to put it out here for your perusal. (Please see below video)
The idea is that cold fusion is an act of an artificial stimulation of atoms into a state where these atoms can be induced to artificial “quantum transition” as they are squeezed tightly down to a 50 nanometer sized lattice type of structure. The atoms are deuterium and the lattice is the metal palladium. The size at 50 nanometers and the lattice are key. Too big, as well as getting too small of a lattice and the fusion event doesn’t occur. This requirement is a dead on matter that derailed the efforts to repeat the famed Fleischmann and Pons rediscovery – now more than 20 years ago.
When an experimenter has the palladium lattice sized right, the cold fusion effect is predictable for success although other factors can derail an experiment. But now the know how is high enough that predictability is reliable.
Next up is to stimulate the atom electrically, which looks sort of like an electroplate or water splitting experiment. Hold the criticism, the cold fusion experiment is quite simple, and isn’t much more complex in design than these two simple electrochemical demonstrations.
The electrical stimulation has to come in at the atom’s resonant velocity – 1,094,000 meters a second some 2/137ths of the speed of light.
What the evidence suggests is when the atoms are duly packed into the right sized lattice with the correct stimulation applied, the strong nuclear field which holds an atomic nucleus together slips out of alignment ready for a proton coming in, but in the palladium lattice what gets in is another nucleus slipping in – and a fusion event occurs.
That’s a very simple explanation, but it is eminently something that can be visualized in the imagination by many people.
For the cold fusion experiment to work the electrical stimulation frequency is also getting clarified. It seems that the successful experimenters use 14 megahertz. This fits well, in physics the relationship between 14 MH and the 50 nanometer size offers a workable way to explain what’s going on. Now its gets deep. Stay with me . . .
One of the major mysteries for the layperson in quantum physics is the “Fine Structure Constant” and another is the “velocity of the quantum transition” noted above. The velocity of the quantum transition has been question in search of an answer for quite some time and having it known would solve a bunch of quantum mechanics questions.
The Fine Structure Constant is unit-less because it is a ratio of velocities, and those velocities cancel. The ratio is the velocity of the quantum transition, which is the velocity of light within the electronic structure of the atom, to the velocity of light in the vacuum of space.
The velocity of light in the vacuum of space is well known and the successful cold fusion researchers have happened on the velocity of light within the electronic structure of the atom – some 1,094,000 meters per second or 2/137ths of the speed of light out in a gravity free vacuum.
The atom’s strong nuclear force that ties the nucleus together has been accurately stated as a barrier with the name the “coulomb barrier”. Getting past the coulomb barrier is much easier by understanding the atom and its nature than trying to strong arm it by brute force. Hot fusion scientists have been assaulting the coulomb barrier and failing at for decades. Other ideas such as Bussard’s IEC and Lerner’s Focus Fusion will likely gain some insight when the Fine Structure Constant ratio is considered in their experiments.
The short list of the variables to get to reliable specifications for a cold fusion reactor includes: the palladium metallurgy, the D2O purity, the type of electrolyte and concentrations, the electrochemical cell design, the electrode arrangement, the type of calorimeter, proper scaling of the experiments, the handling of metals, the current densities used, the duration of the experiments, the optimal loading of deuterium into the palladium, the use of additives, and on and on. It’s still a long road. The list of variables listed here defies a single research group of gaining a full specification. It’s going to require a large set of groups and extensive coordination or incredible serendipity.
Cold fusion reactions as anomalies have been reported since 1927, when Swedish scientist J. Tandberg stated that he had fused hydrogen into helium in an electrolytic cell with palladium electrodes. Leveling all the horrifics at Fleischmann and Pons is simply indefatigable ignorance coupled with emotional immaturity.
There is one more observation worth noting. Many of the deniers of cold fusion are the alarmists of global warming.
Meanwhile around the world independent labs, serious sophisticated private researchers and even a smattering of high school students have managed to get reactors going such that a first reactor specification looks probable in the foreseeable future. Getting there will require funding and serious organization. But the payoff, now well understood is a turning point in human history.
By. Brian Westenhaus