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Ron Patterson

Ron Patterson

Ron Patterson is a retired computer engineer. He worked in Saudi Arabia for five years, two years at the Ghazlan Power Plant near Ras Tanura…

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Is The Bakken A Bust?

Bakken Oil

North Dakota has released December production data for the Bakken and for all North Dakota. They were a little shocking.


(Click to enlarge)

Bakken production down 86,150 barrels per day 895,330 bpd. North Dakota production down 92,029 bpd to 942,455 bpd. It was noted that this the largest decline ever in North Dakota production. But it should not be overlooked that the October increase in production was also the largest ever increase in North Dakota production.

From the Director’s Cut

Oil Production

November 31,034,520 barrels = 1,034,484 barrels/day

December 29,216,093 barrels = 942,455 barrels/day (preliminary)

(all-time high was Dec 2014 at 1,227,483 barrels/day

Gas Production

November 52,785,707 MCF = 1,759,524 MCF/day

December 47,679,872 MCF = 1,538,060 MCF/day (preliminary)

(all-time high was Nov 2016 at 1,759,524 MCF/day)

Producing Wells

November 13,520

December 13,337 (preliminary)

(all-time high was Nov 2016 at 13,520)

11,449 wells or 86% are now unconventional Bakken – Three forks wells

1,888 wells or 14% produce from legacy conventional pools

Permitting

November 76 drilling and 2 seismic

December 35 drilling and 0 seismic

January 81 drilling and 1 seismic (all time high was 370 in 10/2012)

ND Sweet Crude Price

November $34.58/barrel

December $39.93/barrel

January $40.75/barrel

Today $42.50/barrel (all-time high was $136.29 7/3/2008)

Rig Count

November 37

December 40

January 38

Today’s rig count is 38 (all-time high was 218 on 5/29/2012) Related: Are Oil Markets Ignoring Demand?

Comments:

The drilling rig count increased three from November to December, then decreased two from December to January, and is currently unchanged from January to today. Operators are shifting from running the minimum number of rigs to incremental increases throughout 2017, as long as oil prices remain between $50/barrel and $60/barrel WTI.

The number of well completions decreased slightly from 84(final) in November to 81(preliminary) in December.

Oil price weakness is anticipated to last into the second quarter of 2017.

There were three significant precipitation events, fifteen days with wind speeds in excess of 35 mph (too high for completion work), and nine days with temperatures below -10F. January 2017 will be more of the same.

Over 98 percent of drilling now targets the Bakken and Three Forks formations. The estimated number of wells waiting on completion is 807, down 32 from the end of November to the end of December. The estimated number of inactive wells is 1,573, up 54 from the end of November to the end of December.

Crude oil take away capacity remains dependent on rail deliveries to coastal refineries to remain adequate.

Low oil price associated with lifting of sanctions on Iran, a weak world economy, and capital movement to the Permian basin continued to depress drilling rig count.


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Barrels per day per well continues to drop. In December, it stood an 83 in the Bakken and 72 for all North Dakota.

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This great chart was produced by Enno Peters. It warrants a closer look. The data is in barrels per day.

(Click to enlarge)

The two horizontal lines represent the 2015 peak and the 2015 peak production at the end of 2016. And the difference is almost exactly one half million barrels per day.

But more important is the points I have placed in the ovals. Notice that production from 2016 wells in December changed very little from November 2016 wells. The decline was almost entirely from legacy production. That is from wells drilled prior to 2016.

If you look at Enno’s first chart you will notice that the decline was shared by a decline in production from every year prior to 2016.

According to the Director’s Cut, producing wells dropped by 183, from 13,520 to 13,337. 81 new wells were brought on line so that means 264 wells had to be shut down. the numbers from the North Dakota web site were different. They had the well count going from 13,201 to 13,013, a decline of 188. At any rate between 260 and 270 wells had to be shut down if either number is correct and 81 new wells were brought on line. Related: Trump’s First Law Removes Transparency Rule For Big Oil

So, we could conclude that the huge drop in legacy production was due to all those wells being shut down. But why were they shut down? Your first thought would be that they were shut down because of low production. But if that were the case, then the barrels per day per well should have risen. It did not. Barrels per day per well dropped by 6, from 78 bpd to 72 bpd.

(Click to enlarge)

Bruno Verwimp sends us the above chart. The accuracy of his prediction is uncanny.

(Click to enlarge)

And here is an amplification of his model with the actual data.

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The EIA has a far more optimistic take on Bakken production. That is their reference case.

(Click to enlarge)

Here is their High Oil case and Low Oil case. The green is tight oil.

It is my opinion that the EIA is wildly over optimistic. More so concerning the Bakken, but with other plays as well. Tight oil will be a complete bust. The Permian is performing well because it is mostly conventional production. But even the Permian will begin to decline by 2020 or shortly thereafter. All other shale plays are already in decline. But the idea that the Bakken will still be producing two million barrels per day in 2040 is ludicrous beyond belief.

By Ron Patterson of PeakOilBarrel.com

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Leave a comment
  • Jeeves on February 16 2017 said:
    Why push more 1/2 correct Bakken news?

    I'm involved in Bakken O&G businesses.

    Why aren't you providing the complete facts to readers?
    DAPL is almost COMPLETED thanks to our POTUS.
    Reporters should have their STORIES REFLECT ACTUAL CURRENT situations versus LEAVING OUT MAJOR DAPL FACTS. The pipelines will REMOVE RAIL almost COMPLETELY.

    THIS CHANGES THINGS for owners & investors alike.
    Forgetting this DAPL approved FACTOR BAFFLES ME...Ron
  • mp123 on February 16 2017 said:
    "So, we could conclude that the huge drop in legacy production was due to all those wells being shut down."

    Uh, no. It's called a decline curve. Wells produce more in their early life than they do later. Hypothetically, if you drill a well and it produces 5% less oil each month, then you need rigs to drill more wells in order to offset that natural decline in production. If it's uneconomic to drill a new well, then rigs won't drill them (rig count drop) or the won't complete them (DUCS). In that case production will fall naturally, not because of a bunch of wells being shut down.
  • Bud on February 16 2017 said:
    Marathon indicated they were going to 3x rig count this year and have nearly 100 percent IRRs on certain acreage. Useful info would be firm level production as smaller firms likely won't survive outside the Permian with 53 dollar oil. With DAPL the realizations will be fairly good and the bakken realizations for Marathon already look fair. People tend to forget Canada needs the tight oil from the bakken as diluent.
  • Kr55 on February 16 2017 said:
    Looks like Sept was just a rush for some money. Letting off pressure on wells to get a little boost of production, but unfortunately that just lead to faster declines. It's the never ending battle shale producers will be facing, keeping pressure for less production that lets the wells last longer, but taking much longer to pay back the extremely expensive drilling/fracking, or just flooding it right away, getting all the money you can as fast as you can, but dealing with massive declines and as soon as you run out of money to invest, your production plummets along with your stock price.
  • Jeremy on February 16 2017 said:
    ND had a ton of snow in december. To get to well sites the roads had to be plowed leaving snow banks over 10 feet high! Production was down because travel to well sites was 90% impossible. Bakken is not a bust. It is just more slow and easy know, even when weather is good. Bakken will still be producing and getting more recoverable as tech improves as the decades go by. We will all be dead, and bakken still going. Funny how people overreact.
  • Mulp on February 18 2017 said:
    Cheap imports kill jobs.

    Trump promised tariffs to bring jobs back to the US.

    Trump needs to create jobs by imposing a $50 a barrel tariff on imported oil to lift the US price of oil back to $80-100 a barrel.

    Contrary to conservatives claims, cheap energy kills jobs. Since 2014 when Obama cut sanctions on oil production by authoritarians, hundreds of thousands of jobs have been killed by cheap oil.

    Tell Trump to put a $50 a barrel tariff on imported oil!
  • Seth on February 18 2017 said:
    "...But even the Permian will begin to decline by 2020 or shortly thereafter. All other shale plays are already in decline."

    Ron Patterson is one of the original Peak Oil cultists and his comments are laughable as usual. Someone should overlay a long-term chart of U.S. oil and gas production over a timeline of Ron Patterson's most bizarre anti-gas/oil comments and there will be no need for a laugh track.

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