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Wind Energy Spreading Beyond Europe

By Daniel J. Graeber | Tue, 27 August 2013 21:44 | 2

Energy-rich Norway said it was moving ahead with plans to install more than 1,000 megawatts of wind farms onshore. Norway, Europe's largest oil producer and the world's second largest natural gas exporter, has far less wind power on its grid than its neighbors. The country gets most of its electricity from hydroelectric power, but said it was now investing more than $3 billion in wind energy development. Its counterparts in the EU help make up one of the largest wind markets in the world. Germany energy company Siemens, however, said that's about to change.

Norway is the largest oil producer and exporter in the region and second only to Russia in terms of natural gas exports. In 2010, the country relied on oil and natural gas for half of its export revenue and more than 20 percent of gross domestic product. Norway, however, relies on hydropower for 95 percent of its electricity while other forms of renewables, like biomass and wind, are barely a blip on the nation's energy grid. The government said Monday it gave its consent for eight wind farms onshore, which will have a combined 1,300 MW capacity through $3.3 billion in investments. The concession  is part of a joint effort with EU-member Sweden to put more emphasis on renewables. Europe is one of the largest wind energy markets in the world and aims for more as it pushes ahead with its low-carbon benchmarks for 2020.

Related article: Good News for Wind Turbine Manufacturers

German energy company Siemens, however, said it expects the wind energy market to spread out from the region. China is already investing billions of dollars in wind energy. Last year, wind energy became the third-largest source of energy in China, leapfrogging nuclear energy to take its place behind coal and hydropower.  In the United States, wind energy was the No. 1 source of new electricity generation in 2012, representing more than 40 percent of new additions to the grid. Last year, the United States almost doubled its wind capacity to more than 13 gigawatts. China, however, passed the United States with total installed wind energy capacity roughly three years ago.

Siemens said it expects wind power to more than quadruple to 1,107 GW by 2030. Combined, the European and Middle East regions make up about 40 percent of the current market, but the German company, a world leader in turbine manufacturing, said that share will decline to 34 percent in around 20 years because of the end of wind energy subsidies.

The U.S. Energy Department said consumption of petroleum products reached a record last year at 88.9 billion barrels per day. Declining consumption in North America was offset by demand increases from expanding Asian economies. Maria van der Hoeven, executive director of the International Energy Agency, said in April the push for renewables "has stalled," adding the world's energy sector was "basically as dirty as it was 20 years ago." With two of the world's leading economies, China and the United States, in a tat-for-tat move on wind, and with the sector fanning out from Europe, the situation could be decidedly different 20 years from now.

By. Daniel J. Graeber of Oilprice.com

About the author

Contributor
Daniel J. Graeber
Company: Oilprice.com
Position: Senior Analyst

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  • Richard Mosgrove on August 30 2013 said:
    Anyone who understands the needs of industrial, commercial, and residential power consumers will understand why these predictions from Siemens, and "Norway" are so much posturing for the rabble.

    Industrial wind farms whether onshore or offshore are not compatible with modern power grids, smart or dumb. Stop-start power profiles, the expensive need for massive infrastructure upgrades, a constant need for expensive backup, the annoying tendency for giant turbines to break down at the most inconvenient times, and much more, all add up to a dangerous disconnect between the wishful thinking of promoters (often politically connected to government officials) and the real world of crucial power supplies.

    Authors may not like being contradicted, but when they publish this type of blatant disinformation they need to realize that it is their own (and the website's) credibility that is sustaining ongoing damage.
  • Marcus on September 02 2013 said:
    Not compatible? California has up to 4GW of wind available. Variability is dealt with via numerous conventional generators available for redispatch. Infrastructure upgrades are needed anyway because the grid had antiquated elements to begin with and extra capacity needed to be built for growing urban and suburban areas. The costs to date are not unusualy high. What is new is the software and controls available to CAL-ISO to balance solar and wind inputs into the grid which sometimes exceed 4.5GW or 10% of the grid's demand.Some of this is indirect. A lot of wind generators, such as the 3MW unit at the Budweiser plant in Fairfax are for on site power needs only so less power is needed from the grid. As for backup, all technologies when new are expensive. The computer you are using today would have cost $10,000 20 years ago, or more.Texas grid would be toast if it wasn't for wind. Most new capacity is wind.

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